Myrica esculenta
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Botanical Classification


Botanical classification















Myrica esculenta




Botanical – myricaceae

Ayurvedic – katphal kul

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  • English name- Box myrtle
  • Hindi name – kayaphal
  • Sanskrit name – kattphal
  • Gujarati name – kayaphal

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It is found in northern part of India especially in the region of Punjab, gadwall, kumaun, Khasia Mountains and silhiti especially at the height of 3 to 6 thousand.

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It has a tree of medium height i.e. 20 to 25 feet. Bark is soft and brittle. Leaves are conjoint, 1 to 2 feet long that has leaflets in pairs of 6 to 9 and has a width of ¼ inch. Flowers are of white color and are found in bunches. Fruits are 6 to 18 inch long and have 6 veins with having a brown color. Seeds are triangular in shape and are astringent in taste.

According to ayurveda it is of two varietiesbased on the color of flower

  • Shwet (white)
  • Rakta (red)

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Chemical Constituents


Bark is yellow colored substance, myrisetin, myricitrin and glycoside. Besides this it contains 32 %.

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It is vata and kapha suppressant. Due to its sharp and penetrating nature. It also aids contraction of muscles. It helps in stimulating the nervous system. It helps in normalizing the digestive tract due to its light properties. It also helps in improving circulation and also reduces any edema present in the body. It also helps in expelling out the excessive mucus accumulated in the respiratory tract. It is a good aphrodisiac agent and is a very effective in treating skin diseases.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – laghu (light) and tikshan (sharp)
  • Rasa (taste) –kashaya (astringent), katu (pungent) and tickta (bitter)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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It has no toxic effect when consumed in normal dosage.

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Plant part used



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  1. Unconsciousness
  2. Rhinitis
  3. Headache
  4. Worm infestation
  5. Wounds
  6. Paralysis
  7. Pains
  8. Inflammation
  9. Toothache
  10. Nervine debility
  11. Indigestion
  12. Loss of appetite
  13. Abdominal pain
  14. Piles
  15. Heart related problems
  16. Blood emesis
  17. Cough
  18. Cold
  19. Asthma
  20. Urine related problems
  21. Skin diseases.

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  1. Paste – it is used in applying on wounds, lymphadenopathy, toothache, joint pains, paralysis and vaso-constriction.
  1. Oil- it is used as nasal drops in case of unconsciousness, rhinitis, worms and headaches.
  1. Powder – it is very important in reducing pain and treating nervine debility. It is very essential in improving the digestive system and also increases the appetite. It also helps in improving the circulation. It is very helpful in supporting the uterine contraction during parturition. It is a good aphrodisiac agent. It also helps in treating the skin related problems

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