Embelia Ribes
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Botanical Classification

 

kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Family

euphorbiaceae

Genus

Embelia

Species

ribes

   

Family

 


Botanical – euphorbiaceae

Ayurvedic – vidang kul

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Other Names


  • English name – bidang
  • Hindi name – vayavidnag
  • Sanskrit – vidang
  • Gujarati name – bavding

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Habitat

 

It is commonly seen in places that are up to the height of 5000 ft. it is generally seen in areas of eastern India like Meghalya, Assam etc.

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Morphology

 

It is a creeper which has a brittle stem. Leaves are ovate in shape having both the ends sharp. It is about 3 inch long and 1 ½ inches broad, shiny and nodulated. Flowers are white, small having petiole 3 to 4 inch in length. Fruit is small like that of a pepper. Its color varies from red to blackish. It is found in bunches. The outer covering of the fruit is fragile and inside the seed is spotted.

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Chemical Constituents

 

It contains embelin 2 ½ to 3 %. Some volatile oils. Stable oils, tannins, resins, it also contains alkaloids like christembine. It also has fatty acids that are 5.2% and quarvital 1%.

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Pharmacology

 

It is vata and kapha suppressant. It is a wonderful herb in worms infestation. It has the anti bacterial and antiprotozoal properties. It is widely used in skin related ailments due to its cooling effects. It strengthens the nervous system and also improves the brain functioning. It normalizes the digestive activities. It helps in purifying the blood. It is also helpful in urine related problems. It strengthens all the tissues of the body.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – laghu (light), ruksh (rough) and tikshan (sharp)
  • Rasa (taste) – katu (pungent) and kashaya (astringent)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)
  • Prabhav (action) - wormicidal

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Toxicology

 

It does not have nay toxic effect on human body when consumed in normal doses.

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Plant part used

 

Fruit

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Indication

 
  1. Toothache
  2. Cavities in teeth
  3. Fever
  4. Cold
  5. Jaundice
  6. Head related problems
  7. Nervine weakness
  8. Paralysis
  9. Convulsions
  10. Indigestion
  11. Constipation
  12. Worm infestation
  13. Infection
  14. Lymphadenopathy
  15. Dysurea
  16. Contraceptive
  17. Skin related problems
  18. General body weakness and growth retardation.

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Uses

 
  1. Paste – it is being used for mouth wash and avoiding cavities. It is being also used in skin related problems.
  2. Powder – it is being used in wormal infestation, infections in body, indigestion, constipation, paralysis, convulsions, epilepsy etc. it also helps in purifying the blood.
  3. Oil – it is used in skin related problems and wound infections.

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