Datura Metel
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Botanical Classification

 

Botanical classification

kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

solanales

Family

solanaceae

Genus

Datura

Species

metel

Datura metel

   

Family

 


Botanical – solanaceae

Ayurvedic – kantkari kul

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Other Names


  • English name – thorn apple
  • Hindi name- dhatura
  • Sanskrit – dhatur
  • Gujarati name- dhatura

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Habitat

 

It is found all over India

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Morphology

 

It is 3 to 5 inch tall bush. Leaves are 3 to 5inch long which is thick and triangular in shape. Flowers are 5 to 7 inch long. There are present in bunches of two or three flowers. Flowers are of purple color with whitish shades inside. Fruit is 0.8 inch long and 1 ½ inch in diameter. It bears thorns on its surface and is bent at the edges. Thorns are less sharp and is a mere adaptation of the plant to save it self from animals. When the fruit ripes, it burst open to spread its seeds. Seeds are yellowish to brown in color. The plant flowers in summer season and fruits by winters.

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Chemical Constituents

 

Dhatura plant contains scopolamine, hysciaamine, atropine, norhyosciamine and meteoline.the seed of the plant contains stable oils that are 12 % according to weight. Besides these it contains chlorogenic acid, volatile oils 0.045% and stable oils 13.6 %

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Pharmacology

 

It is vaya and kapha suppressant. It is a good pain reliever. It helps in blocking the nervous impulse due to presence of cholinergic blocking. It dilates the pupils. It helps in relieving from contractions occurring in muscles. It also reduces the secretion occurring in the body. It stimulates the vagus nerve there by exiting the heart. It also relives from contractions in respiratory tract and also reduces the secretion of mucus in the body. It helps in dilation of uterus and also helps to relief stress from the ureters. It blocks the sweat glands thus increases the body temperature. It is also useful relieving from poisoning.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – laghu (light), ruksh (dry)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickta (bitter), katu (pungent)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

Datura is a herb that have strong effect on nervous system hence it is always advisable to consume it under medical supervision.

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Plant part used

 

Leaves, flowers and seeds

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Indication

 
  1. Pain
  2. Piles
  3. Skin related ailments
  4. Eyes related problems
  5. Hyperacidity
  6. Ulcers
  7. Renal calculi
  8. Heart related ailments
  9. Asthma
  10. Bet wetting
  11. Painful menstruation
  12. Impotence
  13. Cold climates
  14. Dog bite
  15. Convulsions
  16. Fits
  17. Epilepsy
  18. Psychosis
  19. Schizophrenia

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Uses

 
  1. Paste- it is used in application on the pain affected area to achieve instant relief. It also is very effective when applied on the pile mass. It also applied on the scalp to get rid of lices and other protozoa’s. It is also very effective in treating skin problems.
  2. Powder – it is effective in treating the ulcers like peptic and duodenal ulcers. It also used in suppressing pains and inflammations in the body. It also effective in hyperacidity and respiratory disorders, it helps in stimulating heart for its normal functioning. It is also used in treating the mental disorders and convulsions
  3. Decoction – it helps in respiratory disorders. It is also useful in blood and urinary disorders. It is used in menstrual disturbances and decreased sperm count.

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