Cyperus rotundus
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Botanical Classification



















Botanical – cyperaceae

Ayurvedic – mustak kul

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Other Names

  • English name – Nut grass
  • Hindi name – motha, nagarmotha
  • Sanskrit name – mustak
  • Gujarati name - motha

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It is found through out India

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It is perennial shrub that attains a height of ½ to 2 feet it has a thin stem that is of dark green in color. Leaves are long having 1/6 to 1/3 inch broad and are sharp. The flowers are present in the racemes presentation. Flowers are 2 to 8 inch in length. The nodes on the stem are thick that bears ½ inch diameter, oval shape rhizomes. It is aromatic and is white in color from inside and brown from out side. The plant flowers in summers and fruits in winters.

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Chemical Constituents


It rhizome of it contains an aromatic oil that is 0.5 to 0.6 %. There is also present a stable oil. Besides this it contains certain alkaloids, minerals and vitamins. The ash contains calcium, phosphorus, sodium and some carbonates.

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It is kapha and pitta suppressant. It is a good skin disorder healer. And also helps in early healing of wounds. It provides strength to the body and gears up the nervous system. It also improves breast and its functioning. It relieves from in and works and anti inflammatory agent. It improves digestion. It curbs infection in the body. It helps in uterine contraction. It provides strength to the body.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – laghu (light), ruksh (rough)
  • Rasa (taste) – kashaya (astringent) katu (pungent and tickta (bitter)
  • Virya (potency) – sheet (cold)

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It has no toxic effect when consumed in normal dosage. .

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Plant part used



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  1. Itching
  2. Skin disorders
  3. Small breast
  4. Mental retardation
  5. Psychosis
  6. Indigestion
  7. Nausea
  8. Loss of appetite
  9. Obesity
  10. Dehydration
  11. Worms
  12. Blood disorder
  13. Cough
  14. Asthma
  15. Dysurea
  16. Menstrual disturbances
  17. Fever

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  1. Paste –it is used to apply in skin related ailments it helps in relieving from itching. It is used in increasing the size of breast. It also improves eyesight and is used in eyes related ailments.
  1. Powder – it is used in mental diseases and diseases like psychosis and epilepsy. It improves digestive system. It also removes worms from the gastro intestinal tract. It also curbs infection and helps in purifying blood. It helps in normalizing the menstrual disturbances and breast discomfort. It also helps in improving the skin ailments. It also helps in maintaining the normal body temperature.

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