Curculigo Orchioides
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Botanical Classification

















– amaryllidaceae

Ayurvedic – taalmooli kul

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Other Names

English name- Black musale

Hindi name- kali musli

Sanskrit name - taalmuli

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It is found in places that are up to 6000 feet above sea level. It is more commonly seen in temperate zonal climate. It is seen in countries like Africa, Middle East, Arabia, Pakistan and southern Asian Island. In India it is found every where but predominantly found in Deccan plateau area of Chota Nagpur. It is also commonly seen in south India.

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It is a perennial shrub having short or elongated fleshy roots. Leaves are 6 to 18 inch in length and ½ to 1 ½ inch broad. It is speared shaped and bears stripes on it. The apex of the leaves is rooting. Flowers present the racemes presentation that is 1 inch in length. Flowers are ½ to 2/3 inch in diameter, shiny and are just above the ground. . Fruit is ½ inch in length, capsulated, ovate in shape, sharp at the apex and contains 1 to 4 seeds in it. Seeds are shiny, oblong in shape, 1/8 inch long, striped and sharp at the apex and base. Rhizome is 1 feet in length and is pulpy. The plant flowers in summers.

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Chemical Constituents


It contains starch 43.48 %, tannins 4.15 %, enzymes 14.18 % and ash 8.6 %. Besides these it also contains glycoside, orcinol-1-O-beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, curculigoside, syringic acid, curculigoside and curculigoside C

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It is vata pitta suppressant and kapha aggravator. It is mostly indicated as aphrodisiac. It helps in increasing the sperm count and also prevents impotence. It is a good agent in preventing skin related ailments and also prevents itching. It regularizes the digestive system and helps in solving the related problems. Helps in removing respiratory disorders. Wide used as general health tonic

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunn (properties) – guru (heavy) and snigdh (slimy)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickta (bitter) and madhur (sweet)
  • Virya (potency)- ushan (hot)

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No toxic effect was seen on human body with Curculigo orchioides consumption.

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Plant part used



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  1. Itching
  2. Skin disorders
  3. Jaundice
  4. Piles
  5. Decreased sperms count
  6. Frigidity
  7. Dysurea
  8. Gonorrhea
  9. General body weakness

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  1. Paste – it is used in applying on the skin disorders and where ever there is itching on the skin. . It is used in applying on the pile mass to give instant relief from the pain and burning sensation.
  1. Medical smoke – there is a good result of inhaling the smoke of kali musli in respiratory disease like cough, cold and asthma.
  1. Powder – its powder is recommended in various ailments like decreased sperm count, impotence general body weakness, loss of stamina and vigor. Besides this it is also used in digestive disorders like indigestion, constipation and loss of appetite. It is very much effective in liver ailments especially in jaundice.

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