Crocus Sativus
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Botanical Classification



















– iridaceae

Ayurvedic – keahar kul

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Other Names

English name – saffron

Hindi name – kesar

Sanskrit name – kumkum

Gujarati name – kesar

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It is the native of south European counties. It is particularly found in countries like Spain, France, Italy, Greece, turkey, Iran, china and India. In India it is mainly found in pampur region of Kashmir and kehtawar region of Jammu.

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It is a small perennial shrub having a height of 6 to 10 inch. Its roots are like corm. Leaves are striped, curved at the apex. Flowers are 2 to 3 in numbers, has a good fragrance, flowers are of purple color. Its nectar is of yellow color. A female part of the flower is situated bit outside and is of orange in color. Stigmas are three in number and 1 inch in length. Having blood red to orange color. Hence from one flower we can get 3 saffron threads.

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Chemical Constituents


It contains a volatile oil 1.37 %, stable oil is 13.4 %, a glycoside named crocin, picocrocin and certain glucose. It also contains citric acids. Minerals like potassium and phosphorus is also seen.

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It is vata, pitta and kapha regulator. It helps in improving skin texture. It is a good anti-inflammatory agent. It also acts as vermicidal and eye tonic. It also acts as nerve stimulant and provides strength to whole nervous system. It is a good pain reliever. It tones up the digestive system and is good appetizer and improves over all body condition. It also acts as anti emesis. It improves liver functioning and promotes its secretions. Diarrhea can also be prevented by it. It stimulates heart and is a good vasodilator. It is also a diuretic and has an effect on the urinary system. It absorbs the bad odor from the body. It improves skin texture and whitens the darker skin. It also regulates the body temperature and normalizes it.

According to ayurveda

Gunna (properties) – snigdh (slimy)

Rasa (taste) - katu (pungent), tickta (bitter)

Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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No toxic effect was seen on human body with saffron consumption. But excess consumption leads to narcotic effects in the body.

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Plant part used



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  1. Skin ailments
  2. Skin fairness
  3. Indigestion
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Nausea
  6. Vomiting
  7. Body pains
  8. Nerve weakness
  9. Dysurea
  10. Impotency
  11. Erectile dysfunction
  12. Menstrual disturbances
  13. Fever

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Paste- saffron is usually used by mixing it with other herbs as it increases the result of it. It is used in applying on the skin and other related ailments of the sin. It fairs the complexion. It relieves from pain. Regularizes the digestive tract. Also acts as aphrodisiac. Normalizes the body temperature.

Classical ayurvedic preparations

Kumkamadi ghritam, kumkumadi tailam

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