Crocus Sativus
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

liliopsida

Order

Asparagales

Family

iridaceae

Genus

Crocus

Species

sativus

   

Family

 


Botanical
– iridaceae

Ayurvedic – keahar kul

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Other Names


English name – saffron

Hindi name – kesar

Sanskrit name – kumkum

Gujarati name – kesar

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Habitat

 

It is the native of south European counties. It is particularly found in countries like Spain, France, Italy, Greece, turkey, Iran, china and India. In India it is mainly found in pampur region of Kashmir and kehtawar region of Jammu.

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Morphology

 

It is a small perennial shrub having a height of 6 to 10 inch. Its roots are like corm. Leaves are striped, curved at the apex. Flowers are 2 to 3 in numbers, has a good fragrance, flowers are of purple color. Its nectar is of yellow color. A female part of the flower is situated bit outside and is of orange in color. Stigmas are three in number and 1 inch in length. Having blood red to orange color. Hence from one flower we can get 3 saffron threads.

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Chemical Constituents

 

It contains a volatile oil 1.37 %, stable oil is 13.4 %, a glycoside named crocin, picocrocin and certain glucose. It also contains citric acids. Minerals like potassium and phosphorus is also seen.

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Pharmacology

 

It is vata, pitta and kapha regulator. It helps in improving skin texture. It is a good anti-inflammatory agent. It also acts as vermicidal and eye tonic. It also acts as nerve stimulant and provides strength to whole nervous system. It is a good pain reliever. It tones up the digestive system and is good appetizer and improves over all body condition. It also acts as anti emesis. It improves liver functioning and promotes its secretions. Diarrhea can also be prevented by it. It stimulates heart and is a good vasodilator. It is also a diuretic and has an effect on the urinary system. It absorbs the bad odor from the body. It improves skin texture and whitens the darker skin. It also regulates the body temperature and normalizes it.

According to ayurveda

Gunna (properties) – snigdh (slimy)

Rasa (taste) - katu (pungent), tickta (bitter)

Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with saffron consumption. But excess consumption leads to narcotic effects in the body.

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Plant part used

 

Stigma

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Indication

 
  1. Skin ailments
  2. Skin fairness
  3. Indigestion
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Nausea
  6. Vomiting
  7. Body pains
  8. Nerve weakness
  9. Dysurea
  10. Impotency
  11. Erectile dysfunction
  12. Menstrual disturbances
  13. Fever

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Uses

 

Paste- saffron is usually used by mixing it with other herbs as it increases the result of it. It is used in applying on the skin and other related ailments of the sin. It fairs the complexion. It relieves from pain. Regularizes the digestive tract. Also acts as aphrodisiac. Normalizes the body temperature.

Classical ayurvedic preparations

Kumkamadi ghritam, kumkumadi tailam

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