Crataeva Nurvala
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Botanical Classification















– capparidaceae

Ayurvedic – varun

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Other Names

English names – three leaces caper

Hindi name – barun

Sanskrit name – varun

Gujarati name - varne

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It is found in areas that are has temperate climates. It is found all over in Indian sub continent, Africa, Middle East and South America.

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It has a small tree having a height of 25 to 30 feet. Bark is of light brown in color. T also bears certain crack marks on it. Branches have white marks on it. Leaves are 3 to 5 incj long and are rough to touch. Leaflets are oval in shape wj=hich on crushing bears a peculiar smell. Flowers are 2 to 3 inch in diameter. It has purple, white, yellowish color. Fruits are very similar to that of a lemon having 1 inch in diameter. It turns red on ripening. Varun flowers in spring season and fruits in summers. In summers tree loses all its leaves.

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Chemical Constituents



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It is vata kapha suppressant. It is used in prevention of infection on wounds and prevents any other kind of infection happening in body. It is also used as appetizer and prevents indigestion. It also reduces pain. Varun stimulates liver for proper functioning. It is also used in worm infestation. It is also effective in arthritic conditions and joint pains. It is very widely used in renal calculi and urinary tract infection (UTI) as it is a diuretic.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – laghu (light) and ruksh (rough)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickt (bitter) and kashaya (astringent)
  • Virya (potency) –ushan (hot)
  • Prabhav (action) – renal calculi

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No toxic effect was seen on human body with Crataeva nurvala consumption

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Plant part used



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  1. renal calculi
  2. urinary tract infection
  3. indigestion
  4. liver related disorders
  5. dysurea
  6. infection
  7. wormal infestation
  8. healing of wounds

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Decoction- its decoction is prepared from its bark and is widely used in conditions related to urine infection and related problems. It is very widely used in kidney stones and other types of calculi in urinary tract. It also promotes digestion and eases the extra burden on liver. It also relies from pain in abdomen and is also used in gastric related disorders. It also purifies blood. Any kind of infection and worm infestation is treated by varun

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