Coriandrum Sativum
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Apiales

Family

Apiaceae

Genus

Coriandrum sativum

Species

Coriandrum sativum

   

Family

 


Botanical
- umbelliferae

Ayurvedic - shat pushpa

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Other Names


English name- coriander

Hindi name- dhaniya

Sanskrit name- dhanayak

Gujarati name - dhana

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Habitat

 

Coriander is almost found in all the continents except Antarctica. It is very commonly seen in areas like middle east, Mediterranean, south Asia, Latin America, China, Africa and southeastern Asian island.

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Morphology

 

It is an annual soft shrub that attains a height of 1 to 3 feet. Leaves are in basal cluster varies from 3 to 15 cm in length and are oblong to ovate in shape. Leaflets are 1 to 2 centimeter in length and are ovate to round. Flower is of white color which can vary from light purple to creamish in color. These appear in umbles. Fruit is roundish in shape bearing color that varies from yellow to brown. It is tripped and gets divided in to two then crushed with fingers. The plant flowers and fruits in late winters.

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Chemical Constituents

 

Fruits have watery content that is about 11.2 %. It contains protein which is 14.1 %. Fatty acids 16.1 %, carbohydrates 21.6 %, minerals 4.4 %, (calcium 0.63 %, phosphorus 0.37 % and iron 17.9 mg per 100 gram ), it also has certain aromatous oils that imparts it the peculiar smell it possesses. The active ingredient in the coriander is oil named coriandrol which is 45 to 70 %. It also contains certain stable oils that constitutes 19 to 20 %

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Pharmacology

 

It is vata, pitta and kapha suppressant and maintains them in normal levels. It is effective in headaches. It is also good in inflammation and skin diseases. It is very much used in diseases like cellulites, infection, stomatitis, epitasis, eye disorder and head ache. It is also used in convulsions, fits, loss of memory. Coriander is used in diseases like indigestion, loss of appetite, diarrhea, pain abdomen, emesis, dysentery etc. Coriander also finds its usage in cough and cold and respiratory disorders. It also enhances sexual arousal. It works as diuretic and thus is used in urinary related disorders and diabetes. It is very effective in fever and also in avoiding the related symptoms in the fever like dehydration, burning sensation and nausea.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) - laghu (light), snigdh (slimy)
  • Rasa (taste) - katu (pungent), tickt (bitter). Kashaya (astringent), madhur (sweet)
  • Virya (potency) - ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with Coriandrum sativum consumption.

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Plant part used

 

Fruit, panchang (whole plant) and oil.

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Indication

 
  1. Headache
  2. Inflammation
  3. Lymph adenopathy
  4. Hemorrhages
  5. Eye related disorders
  6. Convulsions
  7. Memory loss
  8. Unconsciousness
  9. Dehydration
  10. Fever
  11. Diabetes
  12. Burning sensation

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Uses

 
  1. Cold decoction – it is used in digestive related disorder, skin ailments, fever and its cardinal symptoms, it is also used in urine related disorders and diabetes. It helps in relieving from diarrhea and dysentery. It helps in protecting against dehydration and restores the lost amount of water in the body. Cold decoction is also give in mental disorders, convulsions, epitasis etc.
  1. Hot decoction – it is given in conditions of indigestion. Skin disorders, cough, cold and asthma, tastelessness, stomatitis and infection in the body.

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