Clerodendrun Phlomidis
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Botanical Classification

















Botanical- verbenaceae

Ayurvedic - nirgundi kul

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Other Names

  • Hindi name- arni and tarkari
  • Sanskrit name- agnimanth
  • Gujarati name - arni

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It is found in the area that is about 5000 feet in height. It is found in indo Gangetic planes that extend up to the Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Bengal and Bhutan. It needs the temperate climatic conditions to propagate and is seen in central part of North American region.

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It is about 25 to 30 feet high tree. Bark is of reddish brown in color. The branches are long and possess thorns on them. Leaves are 2 to 6 ½ inch in length and are ovate in shape. Leaves are thin at the end and have hairs on the lower end. These turns black on drying and have a peculiar smell when it is crushed. Flowers are whitish green in color and are hairy to touch. Fruit is circular, purple to blackish in color whose front part is compressed and having 2 to 5 inch in diameter. The tree flowers in early summers and fruits in summers.

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Chemical Constituents


The bark of the root contains phenolic glycoside and seponin as active ingredient. Seponin is very helpful as an antihistamine agent thus is very much effective in preventing the bodies or over active reaction of the body towards any external agent entering the body.

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It is kapha and vata suppressant. It acts as a pain reliever and provides strength to the nervous system. It is a good agent to remove indigestion and other related problems and promotes normal peristaltic movements of the gastro intestinal tract. It is a good blood purifier and stimulates heart to work properly. It also prevents accumulation of extra mucus in the respiratory tract and helps it to expel out. It also checks the urinary tract and is a good remedy in preventing diabetes. It is also effective in skin related problems.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) - ruksh (dry) and laghu (light)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickta (bitter), katu (pungent), kashaya (astringent) and madhur (sweet)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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It has no toxic effect on human body when it is consumed

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Plant part used


Leaves and bark of the root

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  • Pain and inflammation
  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • Blood relarted problems
  • Heart related problems
  • Cough and cold
  • Asthama
  • Diabetes
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Allergy
  • Weakness after fever

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  1. Powder – powder is used in the relieving pain and any kind og swelling in the body. It is also effective indigestive related problems and constipation. It also removes toxins from the blood and gastro intsetinal tract.
  2. Paste- it is also effective in digestive problems and blood related problems. It is also effective in reliev pain and reducing any kind of inflmmation . it is also used locally to check any pain.
  3. Decoction- it is effective in purifying the blood and it also strenthens the heart muscle to work properly. It s highly recommended in respiratoty disorders lke cough , cold and athma as it helps in expekling out of te exta ammount of mucus in the tract. It is also very effective in diabetic conditions and also strenthens the urinary tract.

Ayurvedic classical combinations

Agnimathkashaya, agnimanthmoolkalk and dashmoolarisht

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