Clerodendrum Indicum
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

magnoliophyta

Order

lamiales

family

verbenaceae

Genus

clerodendrum

Species

indicum

   

Family

 


Botanical- verbenaceae

Ayurvedic - nirgundi kul

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Other Names


  • English name- Tuber-flower, Turk’s turban and skyrocket
  • Hindi name- bharangi
  • Sanskrit name- bhangi
  • Gujarati name- bharangi

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Habitat

 

It is generally found in the area that is about 4000 feet in height. It is more commonly found in areas with moderate temperature. It is found in temperate zone. In India it is found in the eastern region of Himalaya like Nepal, Kumaun, Bengal, Bihar and regions of Bihar.

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Morphology

 

It has a perennial bushy plant that attains a height of 2-8 feet in height. Stem is hollow. Leaves are 3-6 inch in length and 2 to 3 inch in breadth. These are rough having dentate at the edges, spear shaped. Leaves are borne in whorls and have short petioles. The inflorescence is large and bears tubular flowers that bear white or bluish colored flowers and it is about 2 feet in length and one inch broad. These flowers have good odor. The tubes of the flower are about 8 centimeter in length that droops down. Fruit is circular and has a height of ¼ inch in length and 1/6 to ½ inch broad. It is pulpy and when it ripe, it changes to dark purple to black in color. This plant fruits and flowers in summers and rainy seasons.

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Chemical Constituents

 

The bark of the root contains phenolic glycoside and seponin as active ingredient. Seponin is very helpful as an antihistamine agent thus is very much effective in preventing the bodies or over active reaction of the body towards any external agent entering the body.

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Pharmacology

 

It is kapha and vata suppressant. It is a good anti-inflammatory agent and also helps in healing of wounds. It improves circulation of blood in the body. Bhangri is also helpful in improving the digestive activities of the body. It acts on respiratory system thus expelling out the excessive mucus in the tract relieving from cough, cold and asthmatic symptoms. It opens the body pores and increases the sweating in the body.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) - laghu (light) and ruksh (rough)
  • Rasa (taste) - tickta (bitter), katu (pungent)
  • Virya (potency) - ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect has been seen on human body by using clerodendrum indicum.

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Plant part used

 

Roots and leaves

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Indication

 
  • Healing the wounds
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Tastelessness
  • Indigestion
  • Problem related to blood
  • Inflammation
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Tuberculosis
  • Asthma
  • Fever

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Uses

 
  1. Paste – paste made out of the leaves is effective on application of the wounds for early helaing and on the infected lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy).
  1. Powder- powder is used in digestive disorder and gastrointestinal related ailment. It also purifies blood and also suppresses any kind of swelling emerging in the body. It and excellent remedy against the cough and cold problems and is recommended in tuberculosis and asthma.

Ayurvedic classical compounds
Bhangigud, bhangiadya churan

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