Cinnamomum Camphora
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Botanical Classification

 

Botanical classification

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Laurales

Family

Lauraceae

Genus

Cinamomum

Species

Camphora

Cinamomum camphora

   

Family

 


Botanical lauraceae
Ayurvedic- karpoor kul

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Other Names


  • English name- camphor
  • Hindi name- kapoor
  • Sanskrit name- karpoor
  • Gujrati name- kapoor

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Habitat

 

Camphor plant is native of Taiwan, southern Japan, eastern China and India. Now days it is cultivated. According to ayurveda it has been classified into three categories based on region. (a) Barus camphor, (b) Chinese camphor and (c) Indian camphor.

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Morphology

 

Camphor has a tree that can reach up to the height of 100 feet and have a diameter of 6 to 7 feet. It evergreen tree. Its leaves are alternative, simple, 2 to 4 inch in length, evergreen. It has dark green and shiny dorsal surface and pale on the other surface having three prominent veins. Flowers are of whitish - yellow in color having pleasant aroma and is borne on three inch panicles. Fruits is dark textured having dark green to black color. Fruits appear in bunches, when fruit is young it is of green color but when it matures its color changes to black. Fruits mature in early winters. Bark is rough on outside but is smooth on the inner surface. It is of reddish brown in color.

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Chemical Constituents

 

Its bark contains a major constituent as cinnamaldehyde that imparts it the very peculiar odor and flavor. The oil is extracted from the leaf that contains eugenol and iso eugenol that imparts it a very harsh odor; besides these it contains minerals a active component known as camphor that imparts it the properties.

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Pharmacology

 

It is indicated in all disease that involves the three dosha i.e. vata, pitta and kapha. It is a very good pain reliever. It is very effective in convulsions and respiratory disorders. It removes the bad odor from mouth. It improves taste of mouth. It stimulates heart and improves blood circulation. It first vaso-dilates the arteries and afterwards constrict them. It has a good role in respiratory system as it helps in expelling extra amount of mucus in the respiratory tract. It improves the condition of throat. In increases the urine output. It also works as aphrodisiac agent when given in calculated amount. Amount of sweat also increases by it. It also works as antipyretic agent hence it decreases the aggravated body temperature. Main indication of camphor is in skin infections and fungal invasion on the body thus acting as anti fungal agent.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) - laghu (light) and tikshan (sharp)
  • Rasa (taste) - tickt (bitter), katu (pungent) and madhur (sweet)
  • Virya (potency) – sheet (cold)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect has been seen when camphor is consumed in limited amount but there has been severe problems like head ache, nausea, vomiting, convulsion, loss of vision, paralysis and even coma can happen if taken in excess.

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Plant part used

 

Extract

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Indication

 
  • Mental weakness
  • Body ache
  • Arthritis
  • Fevers
  • Skin diseases
  • Nervous weakness
  • Eyes disease
  • Tooth paste
  • Cold and cough
  • Convulsions
  • Mouth related disorders.
  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal distension
  • Weakening of heart muscles.
  • Urinary tract related problems
  • Aphrodisiac

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Uses

 
  1. Paste- paste is used in applying on the skin disorders and in relieving from pain. It also vaso-dilates the area it is applied on.
  2. Powder- it acts as pain killer, it also maintains the blood circulation and strengthens the heart muscles. It helps in dehydrating the body. It removes indigestion and increases appetite. It increases salivary secretion in the body and removes all kind of infections in the oral cavity. It is a good fungicidal and bactericidal. It also acts on the skin related problems by purifying the blood.
  3. Decoction- it acts as good cough remedy as it expels out the excess of mucus accumulated in the respiratory tract. It also helps in curbing the poisoning in the body. It also maintains the urinary tract and provides strength to it.

Various ayurvedic classical preparations are:

  • Karpoor rasa, karpoor asava, ark karpoor and amrit bindu.

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