Centella Asiatica
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Botanical Classification



















Botanical- appiaceae

Ayurvedic - shat pushpa kul

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Other Names

  • English name- gotu kola
  • Hindi name- bengsaag
  • Sanskrit name- manduk parni
  • Gujrati name- khand bhrami

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It is present in the area which is up to the height of 2000 feet. It is an tropical plant and is found extensively in Indian subcontinent, Australia, Latin America, southern parts of Africa. This plant is found in damp and shady conditions. It is open seen in places that are marshy like river banks and wet lands.

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It is an annual to biennial creeper found growing in wild in tropical areas. It spreads on the land and there takes origin numerous roots, leaves and flower. Leaves are round and some what kidney or bean shaped it can reach a width of one inch and can be six inches long. Leaves have seven veins and it tastes bitter. Leaves are smooth and have a surface which is fan shaped Flowers are small and are of red colored and are placed in sessile manner in 3 to 6 number. Fruit is small about 1/8 to 1/6 inch in length and is generally appears in summer seasons having strongly thickened pericarp. Seeds are flattened.

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Chemical Constituents


It contains hydocotyline having a chemical formula of C22H32O8N. Asiaticoside is also being extracted from its leaves. Besides these it contains vallerine, bitter substances, pectic acid, sterol, tannin, volatiles oils and ascorbic acid. Thankunisaide and other glycoside and thankuic acid are also present in it. An acid named Asiatic acid has also been reported in its leaves. Brahmaside, brahnosterol, bhramica acid, aaijobramhic acid, betulic acid and stigmasterol etc six chemicals have also been found in researches on gotu kola

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It suppresses pitta and kapha. It improves blood circulation as it vasodilates the arteries. It is widely used as a brain tonic and has properties by which it helps in increasing memory. It also improves digestion. It also provides strength to heart and improves circulation of blood. It also clears the respiratory tract by expelling out the extra mucous. It also purifies the urinary tract. It is very effective in skin disorders. It also acts as rasayana i.e. it is widely used as an agent that provides longitivity.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties)- laghu (light)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickta (bitter)
  • Virya (potency) – sheet (cold)
  • Prabhav (action) – medya (brain tonic)

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No toxic effect was seen on human body with Centella asiatica consumption but if taken in excess leads to convulsions, head ache, skin rashes and itching all over the body.

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Plant part used


Whole plant

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  • Mental retardation
  • A mental disorder like psychic attacks, convulsions, fits etc.
  • Stress
  • Improving circulation in the body
  • Skin ailments
  • Indigestion
  • Longitivity and revitalizer.
  • Insomnia
  • Blood pressure

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  • Paste- it is locally applied on wounds and skin disorders
  • Powder- it is extensively used in brain related problems like convulsions, fits, anxiety, nervous breakdown, improving mental concentration, improves memory skills, increases the basic intelligence. It is also widely used in disease like epilepsy, schizophrenia and mental weakness. It is also used in respiratory tract disorders. It also improves blood circulation thereby conditions heart. Good effects have been seen in cases of hypertension
  • Decoction – it is used in purifying blood and also in skin disorders; it is also used in improving digestion. It also strengthens urinary tract and is effective in diabetes. It is also effective in lowering the abnormally raised body temperature.

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