Cassia Angustifolia
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Fabales

Family

Fabaceae

Genus

Cassia

Species

Angustifolia

   

Family

 


Botanical- Fabaceae

Ayurvedic- shimbi kul

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Other Names


  1. English name- Indian Senna
  2. Hindi name- Sanai
  3. Sanskrit name- Swarn patri
  4. Gujrati - Nat ki sana

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Habitat

 

It is a native of central Africa and Arab countries. Hence it is mostly found in the tropical countries having warm climatic conditions. In India it is found in southern region. Like Chennai, Karnataka and Kerala.

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Morphology

 

It is a small erect shrub attaining a maximum height of 2 to 3 foot. It has pale green stem which is smooth and erect. It has branches that spread and possess about 4 to 5 pairs of leaves. These leaves are spear shaped with pointed apex. It is about 1 to 2 inch in length and about 0.2 to 0.3 inch in breadth. Flowers are small and are of yellow color. It possesses a shiny green plantar surface and dorsal surface is yellowish green. It possesses a pod which has a length of 1.4 to 2.8 inch in length and about 0.8 inch broad and is of brown in color. This pod contains 5 to 7 dark brown colored seeds.

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Chemical Constituents

 

Leaves of senna contains flavenol and anrathquinone group compounds. In the flavenol group there is present isorhamnetin and kaempfeol. And in the second group it contains rhein and emodin it also contains two types of glucosides known a s sennoside A nad B. besides these it contains menitol, sodium potassium tartarte, salisilic acid, crisophenic acid, volatile oils, resins and calcium oxalate. In the flowers there is special types of acid is present known as crisofenic acid.

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Pharmacology

 

As per its properties it decrease pita in the body and allows free movement of Vata in the body. It also stimulates liver for proper secretion of the of the enzymes. It also increases the peristaltic movement of the intestines. It also purifies blood.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) - laghu (light), ruksh (dry), tikshan (sharp)
  • Rasa (taste) – katu (pungent), tickt (bitter), madhur (sweet), kashaya (astringent)
  • Virya (potency) - ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with Cassia angustifolia consumption. But excess consumption leads to spasms and dehydration.

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Plant part used

 

Fruit and leaves

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Indication

 

Indication

  1. Constipation
  2. Gastro intestinal problems
  3. Abdominal distension
  4. Joint pains
  5. Worm infestation
  6. Blood infection
  7. Fever

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Uses

 
  1. Powder - its powder is made from crushing leaves and fruit. It is very helpful in conditions like constipation and indigestion. It is also helpful in removal of infection in the intestines and helps in restoring the peristaltic movements in the intestines. It is also helps in relieving from the condition of osteoarthritis, gout and rheumatoid arthritis. It also helps in restoring the proper metabolic balance that has been lost due to indigestion.

  • Ayurvedic classical preparation --- Shatskaar churan, yashtayadi churan

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