Carica Papaya
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magniliopsida

Order

Brassicales

Family

Caricaceae

Genus

Carica

species

papaya

   

Family

 


Botanical
-Caricaceae

Ayurvedic - Errand karkati kul

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Other Names


  • English-papaya or pawpaw
  • Hindi- Papita
  • Gujarati- Papye
  • Sanskrit- Errand karkati
  • Portuguese- Pepita

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Habitat

 

This plant is native of America, more precisely central and South America. It got spread all over world by the traders and in India it came by Portugal traders. It is now found all over the world. The best climatic condition for its cultivation is the tropical region that suits its growth. Now days it is more commonly seen in India and south eastern countries like Malaysia and Philippines.

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Morphology

 

It is a small tree with no branches and bears a single stem or trunk. It can reach up to the height of 30 feet. Trunk is strait and long. Leaves are spirally arranged and are placed on top of the trunk. The lower portion of the truck bears scars, left after the falling of the leaves that beared it. Leaves are big in size and are about 2 to 3 feet in diameter. These are deeply palmated and are divided into several lobes. Flowers are beared in the axils of the leaves, heading toward the size of 1 foot in maturity. Flower is monosexual. Flower is of greenish white to white in colour. Female flower is bigger in size than male flower. Fruit is big in size and is of green colour when in unripe condition. It attains yellow colour when it is ripe and also becomes soft. Fruits are found in bunch on the top of the tree. Seeds are found in fruit which are small in size and in large number.

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Chemical Constituents

 

It contains following chemical compounds

  • Papain
  • Carpaine
  • Certain alkaloids
  • Flavonols
  • Linalool
  • Nicotine
  • Chymopapain
  • Psedocarpine
  • Butonic acid
  • Tannins
  • Amino acid like glutamic acid, arginine, proline and aspartic acid are present in the endosperm of the seed and proline, tyrosine, lysine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid are also present in the sarcotesta of the seed

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Pharmacology

 

It has a great effect on the digestive tract of our body. It purifies the tract and helps in removing toxins from our body. Papain, carpaine and psedocarpine present in papaya act on the heart and respiratory system but easily gets destroyed by the heat. Papain also fins its usage in treating ulcers, diphtheria where it is helpful in dissolving the membrane. It is also employed in reducing the swellings and fevers. Extract of chemopapain has been used in ailments related to disc prolepses and slip disc. The freshly derived papaya seeds possess a glycone that has the bacteriostatic, bactericidal, amoebicidal and fungicidal action. Amino acids present in the papaya helps in providing growth and improve immunity of the body. Flavones help in avoiding early aging activities in the body. Phyto-chemicals present in papaya has a progesterone suppressing action.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) - laghu (light), ruksh (unctuousness ), tikshan (sharpness)
  • Rasa (taste) - katu (pungent), tickt (bitter)
  • Virya (potency) - ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with Carica papaya consumption

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Plant part used

 

Fruit, leaves, milk and seeds

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Indication

 
  1. Throat infections
  2. Indigestions
  3. Constipation
  4. Worm infestation
  5. Liver weak aliments
  6. Swellings, wounds and freckles
  7. Paralysis
  8. Menstrual disturbances
  9. Urine infections
  10. Skin diseases
  11. Blood purification
  12. Respiratory disorders.

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Uses

 

It is used in following diseases.

  1. Tropical action - the latex extracted from papaya has been a asset in treating cases of boils, warts, burns wounds, freckles and has been very successfully used as vermifuge. In India it has been used tropically as the irritant of uterus that leads to abortion.

  2. Decoction- decoction of papaya has been used to get rid of worms from gastrointestinal tract, especially round worms. Enema of decoction of papaya also helps in evacuation of the baby from the womb. Decoction is also helpful in paralytic condition

  3. Powder extract- it is helpful in removing all the ailments involving digestives disturbances. It increases appetite. It also acts as purgative. It helps in avoiding rheumatism. It is also helpful in strengthening the liver. It helps in avoiding the blockage in the urinary tract and allows free flow of urine. Menstrual pain is also relieved by consuming papaya. It also purifies the blood and removes all the toxicity from it.

  4. Milk from trunk and ripe fruit- this milk is very effective in treating the throat infections. It is also very helpful treating the wounds caused on the tongue. Skin related problems like psoriasis, rashes are also been treated by it. Its local application is very effective in treating Tumors and swellings. It is also helpful when applied on the string bites by Scorpio.

  5. Inhalation of smoke of the leaves of papaya or smoking the leaves of papaya is very effective in relieving from asthmatic attack.

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