Capsicum Annuum
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

class

magnoliopsida

Order

solanales

Family

solanaceae

Genus

Capsicum

Species

annuum

   

Family

 


Botanical - Solanaceae

Ayurvedic – kantkari kul

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Other Names

  • English : Chillies, Long Chilies, Red Chillies
  • Hindi : Lalmirca
  • Kannada : Kempumenasu
  • Malayalam : Mulaku, Kappalmulaku, Paccamulaku, Cuvannamulaku
  • Sanskrit : Katuvirah, Raktamaricah
  • Tamil : Milagai
  • Telugu : Mirapakaya

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Habitat

 

Cultivated throughout India

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Morphology

 

A suffrutescent annual shrub, 0.75-1.8 m in height with many angular branches; leaves simple, of 'varying shapes, entire, acuminate, usually wrinkled; flowers white or violet, in clusters of two or more; fruits long, cylindrical, ovoid, obtuse or oblong, red when ripe with smooth shiny surface; seeds many, yellow, smooth, round, discoid with a spinescent protuberance on the edge.

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Chemical Constituents

 

The fruits yield an oleorss in containing the characteristic odor and flavor of the spice. The major constituent of the oleoresir is capesaicin. The vacuum isolated bell pepper oil contains 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine. trans-b-ocimene, limonene, methyl salicylate, linalool, and hex-cis-3-enol as major constituents. Additional components detected in larger amounts in oil isolated at atmospheric pressure are non-1 - en-4-one. Non-trans-2-en-4-one. nona-trans, trans-2,5-dien-4-one, 2-entyl-furan and benzaladehyde. 2-isobutyll-3-methoxy pyraxine is an important flavor component of bell and Jalapeno peppers. Other important aroma components of bell-pepper are nona-trans. cis-2, 6-dienal and deca-trans. trans-2,4-dienal

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Pharmacology

 

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – ruksh (dry), laghu (light) and tikshan (sharp)
  • Rasa (taste) – katu (pungent)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with its consumption.

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Plant part used

 

Fruits

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Indication

 
  1. Head ache
  2. Joint pains
  3. Pains in body
  4. Throat related problems
  5. Skin related ailments
  6. Poisoning
  7. Diphtheria
  8. Arthritis
  9. Tastelessness
  10. Loss of appetite
  11. Heart related ailments
  12. Dysurea
  13. Erotic
  14. Fever
  15. Obesity

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Uses

 

The fruits are acrid, bitter, thermogenic, digestive, carminative, laxative, expectorant, sialagogue, and stimulant, cardio tonic, antipyretic, antiperiodic, sudorific and rubefacient. They are useful in cephalalgia, gout, arthritis, sciatica, hoarseness, anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, cough, cardiac debility, malarial and intermittent fevers, dropsy, cholera, indolent ulcers and vitiated conditions of kapha.

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