Bombax Linn
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

class

magnoliopsida

Order

Malvaceae

Family

Bombacaceae

Genus

Bombax

Species

species

   

Family

 


Botanical – bombacaceae

Ayurvedic – shalmali kul

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Other Names

  • English : Red silk cotton tree
  • Hindi : Semal, semul
  • Kannada : Burugadamara
  • Malayalam : llavu, Elavu, Pulamaram
  • Sanskrit : Salmali, Moca
  • Tamil : Llavu, Mullilavu
  • Telugu : Mulluburugacetu,

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Habitat

 

It is generally found in whole of India and grows in warm climatic conditions.

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Morphology

 

A tall deciduous tree with a straight buttressed trunk having a clear bole of 24-30 m and spreading branches, bark grey or brown covered with hard, sharp, conical prickles; leaves large, spreading, glabrous, digitate, leaflets lanceolate, 3-7, entire; flowers red, numerous, appearing when the tree is bare of leaves, stamens many arranged in five bundles of 9-12 each and an inner bundle of 15; fruits capsules, dehiscing by 5 leathery, or woody valves; seeds smooth, black or grey embedded in long white wool. A gummy exudates obtained from the bark is dried and sold as 'semul-gum'or 'mocharas'. Tlie''dried gum is light brown in color resembling the galls, and gradually becomes opaque and dark brown.

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Chemical Constituents

 

Seeds of this tree contain stable oils. It also contains 8 to 9 % minerals and catecol tannin. It also contains tannic acid and Gallic acid. It contains starch 71.2 %, glucose 8.2 %, proteins 1.2 %, fatty acids and cellulose.

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Pharmacology

 

It is generally used in vata and pitta disorders. It helps in relieving from burning sensation after burns also does not leave the mark. It is also used to make teeth and gums strong. It also is used in improving skin texture. It is also used in conditions like dysentery and diarrhea. It also improves digestion. It helps in preventing hemorrhages. It is widely used in cough and cold. It is a good aphrodisiac agent. It also resolves female urino-genital tract problems. It is used in general body weakness.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) –laghu (light), singdh (slimy)
  • Rasa (taste) – kashaya (astringent), madhur (sweet)
  • Virya (potency) – sheet (cold)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with its consumption.

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Plant part used

 

Root, flowers, fruit and extracts

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Indication

 
  1. Inflammation
  2. Skin related ailments
  3. Hemorrhages
  4. Burning sensation
  5. Wounds
  6. Cough
  7. Urine related disorders
  8. Increases sperm count
  9. Kidneys disorders
  10. General body weakness
  11. Female urino genital tract ailments.

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Uses

 

The roots are sweet, cooling, stimulant, tonic and demulcent, and are used in dysentery. The gum is astringent, cooling, stimulant, aphrodisiac, tonic, styptic and demulcent. It is useful in dysentery, haemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza, menorrhagia, burning sensation, strangury, hemorrhoids, blood impurities and vitiated conditions of pitta. The bark is mucilaginous, demulcent and emetic, and is used for fomenting and healing wounds. A paste of it is good for skin eruptions. Leaves are good for strangury and skin eruptions. Flowers are astringent and are good for skin troubles,, splenomegaly and hemorrhoids. Young fruits are useful in calculus affections, chronic inflammations and ulceration of the bladder and kidney. Seeds are useful in treating gonorrhea, chronic cystitis and vitiated conditions of kapha.

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