Azadirachta Indica
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Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

sapindales

Family

meliaceae

Genus

Azadirachta

Species

indica

   

Family

 


Botanical – Meliaceae

Ayurvedic – nimb kul

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Other Names

  • English : Neem Tree, Margosa Tree, Indian lilac
  • Hindi : Nim Nimb
  • Kannada : Turakabevu, Huccabevu, Cikkabevu
  • Malayalam : Veppu, Aryaveppu, Aruveppu, Kaippanveppu
  • Sanskrit : Nimbah Prabhadrah
  • Tamil : Vempu Veppu
  • Telugu : Kondavepa, Turakavepa

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Habitat

 

Throughout India, in deciduous forests, also under cultivated.

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Morphology

 

A medium to large sized tree. 15-20 m in height with a clear bole of 7.0 m having greyish to dark grey tubercled bark: leaves compound, imparipinnate, leaflets, subopposite, serrate, very oblique at base: flowers cream or yellowish white in axillary panicles, stamina] tubes conspicuous, cylindric. widening above, 9-10 lobed at the apex; fruits one-secded drupes with woody endocarp greenish yellow when ripe, seeds ellipsoid. cotyledons thick, fleshy and oily.

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Chemical Constituents

 

The stem bark contain: tannin, non-tannin and red dye. The bark exudes a clear, bright, amber-colored gum, known as the EAST-INDIA GUM. The leaves contain nimboin. nimbinene, 6-desacetylnimbinene, nimbandiol. nimbolide and quercetin. The presence of p-sitosterol, n-hexacosanol and nonacosane is also reported. Analysis of the mature leaves gave moisture, protein, fat, fibers, carbohydrates, and minerals, calcium phosphorus, iron, thiamine, niacin, carotene and calcium. The amino acids present are glutamic acid, tyrosine, aspartic acid alanine, proline, and glutamine. The fruits contain gedunin, 7-deacetoxy-7a-hydroxy gedunin, azadiradione, azadirone, 17p-hydro.xy- azadiradione, 17-epiazadiradioneandnimbiol .

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Pharmacology

 

It is vata and pitta modulator. It is very effective against any kind of infection occurring in body. It is also regarded as herbal antibiotic. It helps in healing of wounds, keeps wounds unaffected by infections, reduces inflammation and reduces pus formation. It also helps in preventing itching. It is helpful in worm infestation. It is also helpful in relieving from burning sensation in acidity. It helps in purifying blood and is useful in diabetes and urine related problems. It also helps in relieving from respiratory problems as it is mucolytic and expels out extra mucus present in the respiratory tract. It is very effective in skin related ailments, it also promotes digestion. It is very effective in fever especially caused in malaria. It improves eyesight. It removes foul odor from mouth and strengthens gums and teeth.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – laghu (light)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickta (bitter) and kashaya (astringent)
  • Virya (potency) – sheet (cold)

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Toxicology

 

No toxic effect was seen on human body with its consumption

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Plant part used

 

Bark, leaves, flowers, seeds, oil.

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Indication

 
  1. Infections
  2. Worms
  3. Skin ailments
  4. Blood disorder
  5. Liver related problems
  6. Urine related troubles
  7. Diabetes
  8. Inflammation
  9. Wounds and injuries
  10. Fever

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Uses

 

The bark is bitter, astringent, acrid, refrigerant, depurative, antiperiodic, vulnerary, demulcent, insecticidal, liver tonic, expectorant, urinary astringent, anthelmintic, pectoral and tonic. It is useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, hyperdipsia, leprosy, skin diseases, eczema, leucoderma, pruritus, intermittent and malarial fevers, wounds, ulcers, burning sensation, tumour, tubercular glands, anorexia, vomiting, dyspepsia, intestinal worms, hepatopathy, cough, bronchitis, urorrhea, diabetes, inflammation, amenorrhoea, lumbago, haemorrhoids, otalgia, syphilis and fatigue. The leaves are bitter, astringent, acrid, depurative, antiseptic, ophthalmic, anthelmintic, alexeteric, appetiser, insecticidal, demulcent and refrigerant. They are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, burning sensation, leprosy, skin diseases, leucoderma, pruritus, ophthalmopathy. intestinal worms, dyspepsia, ulcers, tuberculosis, boils, eczema and malarial and intermittent fevers.

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