Aristolochia Racemosus
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Botanical Classification



















Botanical - Liliaceae

Ayurvedic – rasone kul

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Other Names

  • English : Wild asparagus
  • Hindi : Satavar, satamuli
  • Kannada : Kallagadda
  • Malayalam : Satavari Satavali
  • Sanskrit : Satavari, Abhiru
  • Tamil : Kilavari Satavali
  • Telugu : Satavari, Callagadda

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Throughout India, in areas upto 1,400m elevations also cultivated.

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An armed, climbing under shrub with woody erected stems and recurved or rarely straight spines, young stems very delicate, brittle and smooth; leaves reduced lo iniiiule chaffy scales and spines; cladodes triquetrous, curved in tufts or 2-6: flowers white, fragrant, in simple or branched racemes on the naked nodes of the main shoots or in the axils of the thorns; fruits globular or obscurely 3-lobed, pulpy berries, purplish black when ripe, seeds with hard and brittle testa.The tuberous succulent roots are 30 cm to a metre or more in length, fascicled at the stem base, smooth, tapering at both ends.

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Chemical Constituents


The plant contains four saponins, viz. shat~arin I to IV. Shatavarin IV is a glycoside of sarsasapogenin having two molecules of rhamn:se and one molecule of glucose. It also contains mucilage and starch.

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It is vata and pitta modulator. It is general tonic for body. It is brain tonic and helps in improving brain skills. It has cool effects on the body and is very effective in blood related problems. It provides strength to heat and decreases the density of the blood. It helps in sperms generations and tones up the uterus. It resolves the urine related problems. It improves eyesight.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – guru (heavy) and snigdh (slimy)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickta (bitter) and madhur (sweet)
  • Virya (potency) – sheet (cold)

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No toxic effect was seen on human body with its consumption

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Plant part used


Tuberous roots

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  1. Weakness
  2. Brain debility
  3. Heart problems
  4. Inflammation
  5. Diarrhea
  6. Increased blood density
  7. Decreased vision
  8. Epilepsy
  9. Convulsions
  10. Pains
  11. Acidity
  12. Indigestion
  13. Piles
  14. Epitasis
  15. High blood pressure
  16. Leucorrhea
  17. Menstrual disturbances
  18. Uterus weakness
  19. Dysurea

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The roots are bitter, sweet; oleaginous, cooling, indigestible; appetizer; alterative, stomachic, tonic, aphrodisiac, galactagogue, astringent to the bowels; useful in dysentery, tumours, inflammations, biliusness, diseases of the boold and the eye, throat complaints, tuberculosis, leprosy, epilepsy, night blindness (Ayurveda). The root is slightly sweet; aphrodisiac, laxative, expectorant, galactagogue, tonic; useful in diseases of the kidney and the liver, scalding urine, gleet, gonorrhoea (Yunani). The root of this plant is used medicinally as a refrigerant, demulcent, diuretic, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, alterative, anti-diarrhoeatic and anti-dysenteric. It is used chiefly as a demulcent in veterinary medicine. A decoction of the tubers was administered as a stomchic tonic in atonic dyspepsia, but the action was found to be slow and the result not encouraging (Koman).

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