Aconitum Heterophyllum
- Promote this Page
   

Botanical Classification

 

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnolophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Family

ranaunculaceae

Genus

Aconitum

Species

heterophyllum

   

Family

 


Botanical – ranaunculaceae

Ayurvedic – vatsnabh kul

Go To Top

 

Other Names


  • English : Atis root
  • Hindi : Atis
  • Kannada : Ativisa
  • Malayalam : Ativitayam
  • Sanskrit : Ativisa
  • Tamil : Ativadayam
  • Telugu : Ativasa

Go To Top

 

Habitat

 

Common in the alpine and sub-alpine belts of the Himalayan at altitudes between 1,800 and 4,500 m

Go To Top

 

Morphology

 

A herb, stem erect, simple, at times branched; leaves more or less heteromorphous, lowest leaves with long petioles, usually 5-lobed to the middle, uppermost leaves amplexicaul; flowers in leafy panicle, blue or violet; fruits follicles, 16 -18 mm long; seeds obpyramidal, blackish brown, angles more or less winged. Roots tuberous, whitish or grey, smooth, cross-section pure white in which 2 - 6 blackish vascular supplies are seen arranged in a discontinuous ring, cylindric-oblong or conic, upto 2.5 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm thick; breaks very easily and tastes very bitter.

Go To Top

 

Chemical Constituents

 

Diterpenoid alkaloid atisine is the main constituent of the root. Others include atidine, histisine, hetisine, hetidine, heterophyllisine, heterophylline, heterlophylline, isoatisine, dihydroatisine, and hetisinone and benzoyl heteratisine.

Go To Top

 

Pharmacology

 

It is kapha, vata and pitta suppressant. It helps in improving digestion. It suppresses the feeling of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and hemorrheoids. It purifies blood and is also acts as anti-inflammatory agent. It also acts as aphrodisiac agent.it decreses the fever and also helps in curing the malarial fever. It is also effective in children in diseases like fever, cough, cold and diarrhea and vomiting.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – ruksh (dry), tikshan (sharp) and laghu (light)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickt (bitter) and katu (pungent)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

Go To Top

 

Toxicology

 

It has no toxic effect on human body if taken in limited amount. If taken in excess it may cause nausea, vomiting, extremes of diarrhea, convulsions, spasms in abdomen and dehydration.

Go To Top

 

Plant part used

 

Underground stem and roots.

Go To Top

 

Indication

 
  1. Appetizer
  2. Indigestion
  3. Good purifier
  4. Hemorrhoids
  5. Inflammation
  6. Fever
  7. Impotence
  8. Obesity
  9. Poisoning
  10. Pediatrics problems

Go To Top

 

Uses

 

Powder- powder from the roots is used as antifertility agent. It is also used in stomach disorder, astringent, aphrodisiac agent, diarrhea, dysentry. It also is helpful in acute inflammation, dyspepsia, cough, hysteria, loss of memory, piles and throat diseases, splenic fever and gastric troubles it is widely used in giardiasis.

Go To Top