Aconitum Heterophyllum
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Botanical Classification

















Botanical – ranaunculaceae

Ayurvedic – vatsnabh kul

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Other Names

  • English : Atis root
  • Hindi : Atis
  • Kannada : Ativisa
  • Malayalam : Ativitayam
  • Sanskrit : Ativisa
  • Tamil : Ativadayam
  • Telugu : Ativasa

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Common in the alpine and sub-alpine belts of the Himalayan at altitudes between 1,800 and 4,500 m

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A herb, stem erect, simple, at times branched; leaves more or less heteromorphous, lowest leaves with long petioles, usually 5-lobed to the middle, uppermost leaves amplexicaul; flowers in leafy panicle, blue or violet; fruits follicles, 16 -18 mm long; seeds obpyramidal, blackish brown, angles more or less winged. Roots tuberous, whitish or grey, smooth, cross-section pure white in which 2 - 6 blackish vascular supplies are seen arranged in a discontinuous ring, cylindric-oblong or conic, upto 2.5 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm thick; breaks very easily and tastes very bitter.

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Chemical Constituents


Diterpenoid alkaloid atisine is the main constituent of the root. Others include atidine, histisine, hetisine, hetidine, heterophyllisine, heterophylline, heterlophylline, isoatisine, dihydroatisine, and hetisinone and benzoyl heteratisine.

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It is kapha, vata and pitta suppressant. It helps in improving digestion. It suppresses the feeling of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and hemorrheoids. It purifies blood and is also acts as anti-inflammatory agent. It also acts as aphrodisiac decreses the fever and also helps in curing the malarial fever. It is also effective in children in diseases like fever, cough, cold and diarrhea and vomiting.

According to ayurveda it contains

  • Gunna (properties) – ruksh (dry), tikshan (sharp) and laghu (light)
  • Rasa (taste) – tickt (bitter) and katu (pungent)
  • Virya (potency) – ushan (hot)

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It has no toxic effect on human body if taken in limited amount. If taken in excess it may cause nausea, vomiting, extremes of diarrhea, convulsions, spasms in abdomen and dehydration.

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Plant part used


Underground stem and roots.

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  1. Appetizer
  2. Indigestion
  3. Good purifier
  4. Hemorrhoids
  5. Inflammation
  6. Fever
  7. Impotence
  8. Obesity
  9. Poisoning
  10. Pediatrics problems

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Powder- powder from the roots is used as antifertility agent. It is also used in stomach disorder, astringent, aphrodisiac agent, diarrhea, dysentry. It also is helpful in acute inflammation, dyspepsia, cough, hysteria, loss of memory, piles and throat diseases, splenic fever and gastric troubles it is widely used in giardiasis.

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