Tourette's Syndrome
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Tourette's syndrome: The Dreadful Neurological Disorder

“Tourette's syndrome”, which is also known as “Gilles de la Tourette syndrome”, is a neurological disorder. In this syndrome, sudden movements of the upper portion of the body can be observed. One may lose his control over himself if he is affected by this syndrome. This syndrome derives its name from the name of a famous French physician- Georges Albert Edouard Brutus Gilles de la Tourette.

People of all ethnic groups and races can be affected by this syndrome. Males are more vulnerable to this disease than females. Further, this Tourette's syndrome generally develops in children but the symptoms of this syndrome usually lessen as they grow up. This is the reason why this syndrome is more prevalent among children than adults.

Causes of Tourette's syndrome:

Though the actual cause of this syndrome has not been pinpointed, some experts opine that some irregularity of some brain chemical can be the cause of this syndrome. Genetic disorder is thought to be one of the major causes of this syndrome. Tourette's syndrome can be inherited but the how this syndrome is inherited has not been nailed yet. The missing of a genetic link may cause this disease. If the parents are bearing the traits of this syndrome, there is a 50% chance for their children to inherit this syndrome. Further, some environmental factors can trigger the emergence of this disease. At the initial stage, Tourette's syndrome can be influenced by an autoimmune process. If the symptoms of the Tourette's syndrome appear sporadically, it is called “Sporadic Tourette's syndrome”.

Symptoms of Tourette's syndrome:

The most common symptoms of this syndrome are the rapid blinking of eyes and a sudden muscle spasm. Frequent sniffing, involuntary clearing of throat, sudden jerks in limbs are some of the other common signs of this syndrome. The severity of symptoms can vary person to person. Clicking of tongue, sudden shrugging of shoulder etc are some common symptoms that can be faced by a person who is suffering from mild Tourette's syndrome. Using slang, express something that is completely out of the context, sudden jumping etc are some of the complex symptoms of this disease. Repetition of same words and using of obscene language are some other trials of this syndrome. These symptoms can take a toll on a person’s normal life style.

Sometimes a patient may suffer from ADHD i.e. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, self-harm behavior and OCD i.e. Obsessive-compulsive disorder. These disorders can aggravate the condition of a patient. A patient may face some difficulties while learning or he can suffer from lack of profound sleep. If proper care has not been taken some other symptoms can emerge such as self-injury, social discomfort, depression, numbness etc.

Treatment of Tourette's syndrome:

Although Tourette's syndrome is not curable at all, initial treatment can reduce the severity of its symptoms. If the symptoms are not so severe, there is no need of takings medications. But drugs can be applied for keeping the syndrome under restrain. Behavioral therapy or psychotherapy can generate better result. Antihypertensive drugs such as “Clonidine” can be given to a patient for getting better result at the initial stage. Usually the treatment of Tourette's syndrome is targeted at recognizing the symptoms of this syndrome. If a person is suffering from mild symptoms, education and psycho-behavioral therapy can do a good job. In psycho-behavioral therapy, the symptoms of social alienation and depression are targeted to redress. Antipsychotic medications such as Haloperidol can be applied for calming down the severity of the symptoms of this syndrome. For dealing with problem of depression, some anti-depressant medications such as fluphenazine, haloperidol, sertraline, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine etc can be taken. For reducing high blood pressure, some antihypertensive agents such as guanfacine, clonidine etc can be given to a patient.

In some cases, Cogitative behavioral therapy can generate better result. Regular exercise such as Yoga, meditation can help a patient to lessen the impact of this syndrome. Relaxation training can help a patient to fight against the symptoms of depression or social isolation.

Advice of Tourette's syndrome:

If a patient is suffering from this syndrome, he should be given support by his relatives. A child who is affected by this syndrome may have to continue his study in special school as a result of the behavioral problems.

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