Thrush
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Know About Thrush

Thrush is a fungal infection of the Candida species, the most common being Candida albicans. It is also known as Candidiasis. This makes the infection to appear superficially as in oral thrush and vaginitis, to some systemic and life-threatening diseases. This later category of disease is also known as candidemia and is found in persons who are severely immuno-compromised, like cancer, AIDS and transplant patients. The superficial infections of Thrush found in skin and a mucosal membrane which causes local inflammation is found in every part of the world.

 Causes of Thrush

Most people have Candida yeasts. Candida species are part of the normal oral and intestinal flora of the human body. These are kept from uncontrolled multiplication that results in the showing of symptoms of Thrush by some natural microorganism like bacteria. If treated with antibiotics, there could be elimination of the natural competitors of the yeast for resources, which increases the harshness of the condition of the disease.

The person with Candida albicans may experience few or no signs of it. But if there are some external usage of irritants like detergents or douches or else some hormonal or physiological disturbances, the normal flora is disturbed and cause lactic acid bacteria, like lactobacilli which may result in an overgrowth of yeast. This results in different symptoms.

Some of the causes of having Thrush include Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, getting into vaginal sex just after anal sex and not cleansing the organ and usage of lubricants that has glycerin in it. Those people suffering from Diabetes mellitus and using antibiotics are more likely to be infected with yeast.

 Thrush Symptoms

 A person with Thrush shows severe itching, soreness and burning of the affected parts. There are irritation of the vagina and the vulva along with a whitish or whitish gray discharge that has a curd like appearance. Sometimes, the symptoms of vaginosis, a

common bacterial infection, is mistaken for a yeast infection. A study found out that 33 percent of women who were treating themselves for Thrush had actually the disease.

The symptoms seen in men include red patchy sores found close to the head of the penis or on its foreskin with severe itching and a burning sensation. There are some cases of the disease in which white discharge from the penis were seen. But in most of the cases, there could be no symptoms at the beginning but later there could be emergence of a more severe form.

 Thrush manifests in immuno-competent persons itself in the oral cavity, the pharynx, the navel, the urinary bladder, the esophagus, the intestines and the vagina. Thrush is a main cause inmost of the cases of vaginal irritation. It can also be found in male genitals. Thrush can afflict the esophagus in immuno-compromised patients, which later can turn into systemic which results into a much serious condition called a fungemia called candidemia. Children between the ages of 3 and 9 years are afflicted by chronic yeast infection which appears around the mouth area in the form of white patches.

 Treatment for Thrush

 Thrush is commonly treated using antimycotics. The common antifungal drugs that are administered to treat the disease include topical clotrimazole, topical ketoconazole and topical nystatin. In case of severe infection where the patient is required to be hospitalized, voriconazole, amphotericin B or caspofungin are used to treat the disease. The patient is also given local treatment like vaginal suppositories or medicated douches.

One can also take home remedies in small cases of infection. But if the degree of infection cannot be judge by the patient, it is advisable to get medical help. There has to be a thorough check up of the patient to see if there are other causes of the infection. For example, oral candidiasis can also occur in patients with HIV infection or other immunodeficiency diseases.

 Advice

Babies wearing diaper should keep it clean and dry. It should be exposed to air amply. As the yeast thrives in sugar, it is recommended to avoid sucrose, glucose, lactose and starch.

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