Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
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Facts About Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Sudden infant death syndrome, also known as cot death, is the term used for identifying the sudden death of a healthy baby. Proper cause for this syndrome is not yet identified. The babies of one month to one year of age generally suffer from this disease. In some parts of North America, it is termed as crib death whereas it is termed as cot death in New Zealand , Australia and United Kingdom . The babies are found to be dead in their bed without having any signs of suffering.

No proper diagnosis is found for revealing the cause of the disease. Postmortem of the baby is done after its death. The place in which the baby has died is investigated thoroughly for tracing the cause. Medical records of the family along with the baby are also examined for revealing the cause. It is one of the major causes leading to the healthy baby’s death after they become one month old.

Causes of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

 Researches are in progress to discover the proper cause of sudden infant death syndrome. The causes that have been identified are of no proper significance. Social and economic conditions of the parents are also considered responsible for the syndrome. It was also considered that laying the babies on their stomach also leads to sudden death of the babies. Vitamin C is also considered greatly responsible for SIDS. In 2007, American Medical Association journal published that there are some abnormalities in the Medulla of the brain, which causes death of the infant. This abnormality also affects the system of arousal, blood pressure and breathing of the baby.

The latest report published by the British researchers identified Escherichia coli or E. Coli and Staphylococcus aureus or staph bacteria as the cause of the death. Babies of two to three months are the chief victims of this disease. In this period baby do not produce anti-bodies of their own while the anti-bodies they receive from mother also disappear slowly. Earlier improper prenatal care, consumption of alcohol, teen pregnancy, lack of breast-feeding, excess clothing and bedding were considered as the cause of sudden death of the babies.

Treatment of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

 No proper treatment is being found which would prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Some factors are considered for the reduction of the chances of SIDS. The parents themselves are asked to take many precautions along with their babies to reduce the chances of the death. The pacifiers have become one of the most useful equipment for reducing the chance of SIDS. It decreases the chances of suffocation by raising the face of the baby from the mattress. Vitamin C is prescribed as deficiency of this might lead to SIDS. The Orthomolecular Medicine journal in 1993 published a report on SIDS by Archie Kalokerinos, a doctor from Australia . The report stated that the chances of SIDS become negligible if the doses of Vitamin c are of high level. A study published in the British Medical Journal stated that vaccination could reduce the chances of SIDS. However, it is not universally accepted.

Precautions for the Reduction of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

 Sudden infant death syndrome does not have any proper cause or treatment. Some precautions can be taken to avoid SIDS. The baby should be put to sleep at the cot. Making the baby to sleep with the adults in some of the cases was responsible for the death of the baby. The infants should be laid on their backs for reducing the chances of SIDS. Smoking is prohibited near the infants as cotinine and nicotine is harmful for the babies. The blankets of the babies should cover till their chests leaving their arms so that they do not pull the blanket. Proper hygiene should be maintained, as the bugs that feed on dust and baby vomit are injurious for the babies. These bugs produce super toxins, which stimulate overreaction in the baby causing anaphylactic shock. Breast-feeding is also helpful for preventing the sudden death of infants.

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