Social Anxiety Disorder
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Introduction to Social Anxiety Disorder

 Social anxiety disorder is a kind of irrational fear, which is also popular as social phobia. The people who are victim of this disease are afraid of any type of social gatherings like meetings, public speaking and parties. They try to avoid these situations. Ten percent of people in the society suffer from this phobia. It affects men and women equally. A person is affected by this phobia mainly in the youth stage when he is fifteen to twenty-five years old. This might happen if a person has faced any embarrassment or difficult situations. This type of phobia can be cured easily if proper treatment is done.

Causes of Social Anxiety Disorder

There is no specific cause for social anxiety disorder. Generally, the people having a family record of social phobia and depression suffer from this disease. A person who is abused in childhood can also have social anxiety disorder when he will grow up. The causes can be classified based on the situations which a person normally wants to avoid. Social anxiety is mainly caused if a person is negatively assessed by other people. Another cause that is identified for social anxiety is lack of self- confidence.

Symptoms Social Anxiety Disorder

 The symptoms of this disease cannot be identified easily. The people who are infected by this disease behave in a normal way like others at all times except when they have to face a social gathering. They start feeling nervous in social gatherings. The major signs of this type of phobia are fainting, blushing, dry mouth, sweating and palpitations. The symptoms can become severe as pain in abdomen, vomiting along with nausea, going to the toilet frequently and diarrhea. These symptoms might vary depending on the nature of the phobia but all of them suffering from this phobia would try to avoid any kind of social situations. This often affects the progress of work. It also has an adverse effect on the personal life of a man. Many of them suffer from depression and consume alcohol for coping with the situation. A person suffering from social anxiety disorder experiences fear, emotional discomfort, becomes worried knowing they have to face the public. The extent of the phobia depends on the frequency in which a person has to attend the social gathering. Nervousness is visible when a person has to attend an interview, public speaking or performance. Shyness is also noticed in people suffering from this phobia.

Types of Social Anxiety Disorder

 A person who wants to avoid social gatherings and become severely nervous in such gathering is considered to be suffering from social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety disorder can lead to several consequences. This can be categorized into two divisions non-clinical and clinical. Conditions of ICD and DSM distinguish between the clinical and non-clinical form of social anxiety disorder. The non-clinical social anxiety disorder includes level and intensity of the psychosomatic and behavioral disorder. Clinical social anxiety is sub-divided into specific social anxiety and general social anxiety.

There has been a controversy regarding the fact that the people who are categorized under DSM social anxiety have high temperament. It is considered that such conditions occur as the social conditions do not match the nature and expectation of the person. They do not have any kind of mental disorder. They can be completely cured if they are treated affectionately.

Treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder

Proper cause or cure of social anxiety disorder has not been identified. It is very tough to cure a person with this type of phobia. Only effective treatment of this phobia is behaving with the affected person in a friendly and affectionate way. No drug is found that can cure this phobia. A person who is suffering from social anxiety disorder should not be treated rudely. He should be cared properly by his family members and friends. They should slowly make him to attend the gatherings. Forcing will deteriorate the situation.

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