Rotavirus Gastroenteritis 
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Rotavirus Gastroenteritis: Common Viral Infection In Children

Introduction:

“Rotavirus gastroenteritis” is a common viral infection among children. The medical term “gastroenteritis” is used for an ailment that is associated with vomiting or diarrhea. Children, who are under the age group the five, are susceptible to this disease. Children below the age group of two years are more vulnerable to this disease. As children don’t have a strong immunity system, they become the easy victims of this disease. Though a person can be infected by this virus at any time in a year, the number of infections shoots up during spring and winter when season begins to change.

The immunity against Rotavirus grows up when a person is infected by this disease. This helps a person to face less severe symptoms if he will infect in future. If the immunity against this disease lasts for a long time, a person can get the privilege of staying away from this disease in that period.

Causes of Rotavirus gastroenteritis:

Rotavirus is the main cause of this Rotavirus gastroenteritis. This virus usually resides in the guts of those persons who are infected by this disease. This is a contagious disease, which can spread through the droplets of airborne liquid. If the virus is on water, it can survive few weeks easily and on human skin it can survive up to four hours. This virus can even survive on the surface of the toys, clothing etc. This is the reason why this disease can spread so quickly from one person to another person.

The liquid droplets of the nose and the mouth are the prominent bearers of the virus of this disease.

Symptoms of Rotavirus gastroenteritis:

The symptoms of this disease can be traced out very easily. Fever and pain in the abdominal position are some of the common symptoms of this disease. A patient can experience vomiting and diarrhea as well. One can also suffer from dehydration in this disease. The severity of the symptoms of this disease can vary patient to patient. Some can face sever symptoms whereas some others can face mild signs of this disease. If an infant suffers from this disease, parents have to change the clothing or the nappy frequently. An infant may have to suffer from skin problems if he is suffering from diarrhea. This skin problem generally appears in nappy areas.

If a child is suffering from Rotavirus gastroenteritis, he can experience dryness in mouth or he may begin to behave in an abnormal way. If tears stop coming out when the child is crying, it can be the result of dehydration. Lack of activities and wrinkled face of an infant are some of the common symptoms of this disease as well. Fast breathing and fast pulse rate are some of the other common signs of this disease among infants. Feeling weak is another major symptom of this disease.

Treatment for Rotavirus gastroenteritis:

Though there is no specific treatment is available for treating this disease, practitioners have introduced some new therapies for lessening the severity of the symptoms of this disease- Rotavirus gastroenteritis. One should consult with a pharmacist to tackle the problem of dehydration. A patient can take pasta, potatoes, soups and bread if he likes during the recovery period. Breast milk should be given to an infected infant so that he/she can fight against the virus of this disease effectively. Ibuprofen or Paracetamol can be given to a patient to reduce high fever. Anti-diarrhea medications must not be given to infants or children; otherwise, it can bring dire result. If situation aggravates, one should take the assistance of an experienced practitioner for getting better result. Though some vaccines are available in the market that can help a patient to fight against this disease, The National Childhood Immunisation Scheme does not give its consent to use this vaccine.

Advice:

One should maintain a good hygiene as that can assist a person to stay away from this disease. This will thwart the spread of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis. Cleaning hands properly before making or eating food is a must for maintaining a good hygiene. Changing nappies regularly and washing hands properly after cleaning the toilet of the baby has to be followed strictly in order to keep oneself away from this disease.

One must not share anything for example: towel, clothing or utensils with an affected person, otherwise this disease can also infect him.

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