Lumps and Bumps
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Lumps are termed as tumors in medical terms. These are usually formed, when a stray cell (might be glandular, fat or a muscle cell) escapes the normal controls on the cell growth and starts multiplying. Not all tumors are cancerous in nature. In fact, tumors can be divided into two categories: Benign and Malignant tumors.

Benign tumors are those which the tumor cells do not invade the adjacent cells and do not spread in the whole body. These can grow large without even showing any symptoms of these. However, their large size may start causing problems by causing damage to the tissue and organs around them. Benign tumors are of various types: cysts (lumps filled with fluid), nodules (formed in inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, sarcoid and polyarteritis), lipomas (lumps of fat cells), fibromas and fibroademonas (lumps of fibrous or fibrous and glandular tissue), haematoma (lump formed by blood escaping into the tissues), haemangioma (lump formed by extra growth of blood vessels) and papilloma (formed from skin or internal membrane cells, for example warts). A benign tumor in brain might lead to severe headaches and if not removed, may become life-threatening. Other symptoms which can be seen in a benign tumor can range from simply looking unsightly to the release of excess hormones in the body leading to secondary ailments.

In case of malignant tumors, these invade the tissues around themselves and spread rapidly to other parts of the body. These are cancerous in nature and work by sending the cancer cells into the lymphatic system and the blood stream of our body. These cells are deposited usually in the areas like lungs, liver, brain and bones. These tumors are usually life-threatening in nature and need immediate treatment.

There are various other conditions, which lead into the appearance of lumps and bumps on our skin and body, namely -- skin cysts, cherry angioma, dermatofibromas, epidermoid cysts, folliculitis, keratoacanthoma, keratosis pilaris, lipomas, neurofibromas etc. lets take a look into some of these conditions.

Skin Cysts are non-cancerous in nature and are closed tissue pockets, which might be filled with liquid, pus or anything else. These may appear anywhere in he body and are most common to be found. The causes for cyst development are usually infection, clogging of sebaceous glands or around a foreign body. The symptoms occurring with them are -- slow-growing, painless and smooth to the touch when they are rolled under the skin.

Cysts usually disappear on their own accord and do not cause any pain unless ruptured or inflamed. These cysts can be treated with an injection of cortisone medication, which result into its shrinking, while simply rupturing it with a sharp object also helps. Surgical options may also be used on some adamant cysts.

Cherry Angioma is a smooth, cherry re bump on the skin, which is usually seen to be appearing on the trunk of the body, though they may be occur nearly anywhere. The cause of these is not known, though they usually appear in people over forty years of age. These usually do not require any treatment; however, keeping the cosmetic point of view in mind, laser or electrocautery methods can be used to remove these.

Dermatofibromas are reddish brown skin growths, usually seen to be occurring on the arms and legs. These are harmless in nature containing scar tissue and feel like hard lumps in the skin.

Their cause is unknown, though their symptoms are inclusive of a red, brown or purple growth that can change colors over time, a small growth, tenderness, pain and itching, however some growths can be painless also and appearance of a dimple when pinched. Though there is no need for the treatment of dermatofibromas, these growths can be surgically removed and flattened by using liquid nitrogen.

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