Liver Cirrhosis
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Irreversible damage to the liver resulting in heavy scarring is termed Cirrhosis of the liver. The normal tissues of the liver get degenerated causing permanent damage and they are replaced by fibrous scar tissue. This results in the liver not functioning normally.

The normal functions of the liver includes, fighting infection, maintaining the level of amino acids and the level of glucose in the blood, aiding digestion and destroying or neutralizing the effect of toxic substances. Cirrhosis often leads to other ailments such as high blood pressure, cancer of the liver and complete failure of the functioning of the liver.

Symptoms Of Liver Cirrhosis

 Drastic loss in weight

Yellowing of the skin and eyes (Jaundice)

Loss of appetite



Causes of Liver Cirrhosis

The most common cause for liver cirrhosis is alcoholism. Hepatitis B infection is yet another cause which triggers liver cirrhosis. Mostly this aliment affects men who are over 40 years of age. In it is the third most common cause of death in the developed countries with reference to people who are between 45 to 65 years of age.

Complications That Arise Due To Liver Cirrhosis

There is an increased production of coagulation factors. This results in bruising and consequent bleeding in the liver.

The synthesis of bilirubin is decreased and this leads to jaundice.

Hepatocellular carcinoma: This refers to the cancer in the liver. This complication has a high mortality rate.

Hepatic encephelopaty is yet another complication which is associated with it.

The nitrogenous substances in the blood are not cleared due to the liver not functioning normally. These substances are carried through the blood to the brain and it could result in the cerebral functioning getting affected. The consequences of this could be change in the biologic rhythm, not paying attention to personal appearances, having trouble focusing on a task etc.

There is retention of fluid in the abdominal cavity (Ascites). This could lead to easy susceptibility to infections that may be life threatening.

Other symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis

Typically the chief characteristic of liver cirrhosis is the development of regenerating nodules. Fibrous septa surround these nodules. During the progression of the disease the liver is initially enlarged but begins to shrink as the disease progresses. The color of the liver tends to be yellow and it develops a firm consistency. The surface of the liver also becomes irregular. The nodules that develop during the course of the disease are of three types.

The micro nodular type where the nodules that are regenerated are just under 3mm.

The macro nodular type where the nodules are larger than 3 mm

The mixed cirrhosis type where the nodules are of different sizes.

Prevention Of Liver Cirrhosis

In order to decrease the risk of getting this disease a person must:

Consume alcohol in moderate quantity

Avoid hepatitis B by practicing safe sex

Immunize oneself from hepatitis A and B

Avoid illegal drug injections.

Diagnosis Procedure Of Liver Cirrhosis

Clinical and laboratory tests to assess the extent of damage to the liver.

X-ray tests for similar purposes

Biopsy of a portion of the liver

Ultrasound technique is being used now to evaluate cirrhosis. When the disease is in its advanced stage a nodular liver is observed to confirm diagnosis.

Another new device to diagnose used recently is the Firboscan. The stiffness of the liver is determined by using elastic waves. This is a non-invasive technique and can asses the extent of damage in less than 5 minutes. It is also a painless technique is much preferred.

A CT scan of the liver or bile duct is also used as a diagnostic tool

Treatment for Liver Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the liver is irreversible. The only viable treatment is preventing further damage. This should be done by completely staying away from alcohol to risk further damage.

Research is being conducted to develop medication that could repair the fibrous scar tissue.

In extreme cases liver transplantation is recommended. The survival rate among patients who have undergone liver transplant has been increasing. About 80% of the patients who have liver transplants have survived for over 5 years.

Post Your Comments

Comment Script


what are the foods, which can help in controlling cirrosis.?
are there any herbal or aurvedic remedies for it?
what is the effect of colas.tea ,coffee etc.?
#1 - singh - 12/06/2008 - 09:21
My father died off liver cirhosis but he never had tasted the alcohol,so what may be the cause.
#2 - ABDUL ROUF BANDAY - 01/20/2009 - 22:44
#3 - P LAMA - 03/07/2009 - 01:38
My grand ma is suffering from liver cirhosis.SHe is in the last stage of her life.Doctors have given up.But they there's still some hope.Her age is 70.This has led to paralysis and brain hamrage.Please help me out.Answer me as soon as possible

#4 - Umang Saraogi - 03/12/2009 - 14:21 an example of any laboratory findings of liver cirrhosis...tnx
#5 - archieval cotecson "bayot" - 03/17/2009 - 19:33
i also have cirrhosis. i was oiagnosed in september. i was extremely ill and the dr. said i needed a transplant, but i am too old (65) to be eligible.
I started drinking distilled water with lots of lemon juice in it, and lots of tomato and canned vegetable juice I bought ph strips at the health food store and successfully rose my alkalinity. Well I haven\'t felt better in years than i do right now.
My gastroenterologist was amazed. She thought I\'d be dead by now( Isaw her in january the time she recommeneded the transplant) my last appt. was thurs, april 23rd and my liver function s were normal. I couldn\'t even celebrate with a gl[@] of champagne, so I had a [@] bloody mary. I don\'t know for sure if my few dietary changes caused this, but i believe they did. I really hope this helps.
#6 - ellen - 04/26/2009 - 23:12
what are the foods, which can help in controlling cirrhosis?

I never took the alcohol,so what may be the cause for liver disease?

what are the food which can control cirrhosis?

#7 - srinivas - 06/05/2009 - 06:36
My father has been carrying Hepatitis B Virus since 6 years now and has been taking medicine Adfovir since then. The SGOT,SGPT count was under control when we did the test 10 months back. But much to our surpirse, the count shot up recently. He underwent a Sonography recently and doctor said that he has Liver Cirrhosis(initial stage). Can someone please suggest/advise how serious could the issue be and can it still be kept under control.
#8 - manish - 10/20/2009 - 02:40
I lost my brother recently who was jsut 34 owing to Alcholism which led to Liver cirhhoisis and proved to be fatal. some symptoms which were prominent were:-
His stomach had blaoted due to retention of fluid in abdominal cavity.
He experienced hallucination like someone watching him etc.
His legs and hands lost weight.
His focus was gone and he could not remember anything.
He hardly ate during his last date
His body was all yellowish due to billirubin levels in blood and Jaundice.
He had pain in his legs and could not stand without support.
He met with an accident before 3 months , still even at the time of death the region of bosy which got hit had stains of blood in the skin. It all became dark.

Normally , minimum 10% of liver is needed for human survival. But if it exceeds that its almost impossible to survive long.
My brother died cause of internal bleeding from veins in esophagus.
People talk about heart ailments more but they need to understand medical science has some knowledge about heart and transplant is eaiser, but hardly there is anything possible in case of liver. transplant is very costly but not a permamnent solution as life long medication is needed post transplant and only 80% survive beyond 5 years.
abstain from alchohol. Do not take fat or oily things.
Live a strict life with self control.

Your life is precious for those for whom you really matter.
Now i can only miss my brother, but not bring him back. I wish none of you loose your loved one like i did!
#9 - Ashutosh - 12/19/2009 - 13:29
Well, I am suffering due to cirrosis , could any one please let me know the proper treatment for precuring this..
#10 - Sumit - 10/05/2010 - 05:33
My dad is currently have Live Chirrosis, it is due to excessive alcohol intake- Dr. have adviced of transplantation.. which is the best hospital and who is the best doctor(s) in India. wanted to get 2nd, 3rd or as many opinons as possible before taking any decision
#11 - Krishna - 01/24/2011 - 11:52
My brother in law was suffered due to cirrosis of liver for about 1 nd half year,but he is no more today.
He never had tasted alchohol and his life style is very simple then how it's happen.
Plz. anybody tell be..
#12 - Samarpan Roy - 02/12/2011 - 02:37
my father is suffering from alcoholic cirrosis.. can sumone suggest me the best gyestroanterologist in ahmedabad... i find myself helpless at this point of time.. :(
#13 - jay goswami - 02/17/2011 - 10:38
#14 - MAMATHA - 07/22/2011 - 01:07
my causin have liver cirrohis, age around 48 yrs femal, it is curable disises., Dr say only 10 of liver is function.

Pl help us
#15 - kanath - 11/16/2011 - 04:25
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