The excessive presence of bilirubin in blood often causes a serious ailment known as Jaundice. This disease can affect any one from any age group. Jaundice is a common disease and is quite common in newborn. If a newborn were affected by this disease, he/.she needs he/she is not put under the direct notice of an experienced practitioner.
Sudden rise of the presence of bilirubin in blood is the main cause of this disease. Malfunction of liver and unnatural death of red blood cells are the two major causes of jaundice. Jaundice in newborn may occur at the initial stage when the liver of a newborn can’t convert bilirubin properly. Inefficiency of liver can cause this disease. A quick rise of bilirubin in the blood of a newborn is the cause of is disease.
Premature death of red blood cells is one of the prominent causes of jaundice in newborns. Sometimes, the antibodies of a mother are responsible for the premature death of her baby’s red blood cells. This thing is known as haemolysis. Hormone deficiency is another prominent cause of this disease. Low rate of secretion from pituitary glands or from thyroid glands causes hormone deficiency in children. This might often cause jaundice in newborns.
An injury or bleeding during the time of obstetrical delivery can bring about this disease. Genetic problem is another prominent cause of Jaundice in newborns. Blocking of bile duct is another prime cause of this ailment. Sometimes, Jaundice in newborns can be caused because of the presence of an unknown component in breast milk. Whatever be the cause it cannot be denied that jaundice in newborn is a dangerous malaise to have.
Yellowing of the skin and eyes is one of the important symptoms of Jaundice in newborns. If the color of the stool of a newborn is yellowy brown or pale, a parent should contact with a child specialist immediately because it is also a typical symptom of Jaundice. Everyone knows that the urine of a newborn should be colorless but if the color of urine is yellow, it can be a symptom of Jaundice. If a newborn is affected by this disease, he/she would be sleeping most of the time. A mother may might have face some difficulties while feeding her baby if he/she is affected by Jaundice.
Jaundice in newborns can be of diverse types. Jaundice of prematurity is one of the conspicuous types of Jaundice that can jeopardize the life of a newborn. This jaundice generally affects premature babies. In breast milk jaundice, breast milk which usually helps a baby to fight against diseases can harm a newborn because of the presence of an unidentified substance. This substance can increase bilirubin level in the blood of a newborn.
Physiological jaundice is a common type of jaundice that generally attacks a newborn. Immature liver is the main cause of this type Jaundice. This jaundice usually appears within two or three days of birth and disappears within one or two weeks.
Before beginning a Jaundice treatment, a practitioner needs to corroborate the fact that a newborn is affected by this disease. Simple blood test can help to assess the current level of bilirubin in blood. A phototherapy treatment can be applied on a newborn to cure him/her from this disease
If a newborn is suffering from physiological jaundice, it does not require treatment. Less than ten minutes sunbathe, can help a newborn to recuperate from this disease within a short span of time. In some rare cases, blood transfusion may be required. Sometimes, practitioners suggest a mother to stop breast feeding to cure a newborn from breast milk jaundice.
If a newborn is affected by Jaundice within 24 hours of birth, it should be brought under the notice of a practitioner. Unless treated properly this malaise can even cause death.