Infection
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Facts of Infections

Infections are common problem that is experienced by most of the people. Some infections are really a cause of great concern. Sometimes infections are contagious and great care should be taken so that it does not spread very easily. Infections easily affect some people while some have the inborn immunity.

There are various reasons as why people get infections. Bacteria and viruses are the real reasons behind the spreading of infections. As they are microscopic organisms they cannot be seen while they are spreading. If we could see them then it would have been easier to track them and hence prevention could be easier.

Causes of Infection

Identifying harmful bacteria from a harmless one is very difficult. It is not always possible to prevent an infection from spreading to another person. One can take the necessary precautions to prevent the spreading to a certain extent. Some microorganisms are present in the air as well as the food. So it is impossible for us to prevent those microorganisms from entering our body.

There are various harmless bacteria that are present in our body. Sometimes these bacteria bring in harmful bacteria, which are responsible in causing some form of diseases. They cause diseases, as our body is unable to fight those bacteria.

The bacterium with which our body is unfamiliar helps in causing infection. It is successful in causing harm as they are totally new for our body and hence the body cannot develop immunity against it. Food and water are the main sources, which carries infection.

Microorganisms are found in abundance in the raw foods. Thereare many bacteria present in our body, which protects our body from various other infections. Theseharmless bacteria are present in our intestines. These bacteria are unable to protect our body from the bacteria that gets into our body when we eat or drink contaminated food or water. Food that has not been cooked properly also carries germs.

How is Infection Transmitted?

Some infection is picked due to close contact with those people who are infected with some particular germs. Skin-to-skin contact is responsible for picking up organisms that are quite harmful. This contact can also be with the animals. We come in contact with various types of bacteria from the moment we are born.

Viruses are also passed from the skin of the mother to that of the baby. Bacteria are also passed on from animals. A dog passes on virus responsible for causing rabies when it bites a human. Hence we see that there are various bacteria that are passed on through contact in any form.

There are infections that are acquired from hospitals. Hospitals are the breeding ground for many highly infectious bacteria. Patients easily fall prey to these bacteria as they their immunity is already weak as they are suffering from some ailment. People who are weak fall prey to infection quite easily.

The case sometimes worsens as these bacteria develop some sort of resistance against the antibiotics that are administered to the patients. This makes the situation even more critical. The infections that are acquired from hospitals are more dangerous as these organisms are capable of surviving even after antibiotics are given to the patient.

Some bacteria have the capability of spreading very easily. Apart from the hospitals the staff and the visitors of the hospitals are also carrier of some form of infection. They are quite unaware of the situation and sometimes pass highly infectious diseases. Different people react differently to the effect of the micro-organisms. It is not always necessary that two people living in the environment might not catch the same infection. It is the immunity system of the people, which are responsible for the onset of the infection.

Results of Infection

Most of the diseases are caused due to infection and so adequate measures need to be taken to safeguard a person against it. Proper hygiene can help one to combat any kind of infection and keep him/her in good health.

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