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Among the several kidney related diseases that have severe consequences on the body, Hydronephrosis deserves a special mention. It takes place when a person’s one or both kidneys get inflamed because of a hindrance in the flow of urine.

Hydronephrosis Causes

The kidneys play a vital role in the human body to filter the blood and remove the waste material from it. While this process goes on, the kidneys also absorb back useful materials for the body like glucose. The unwanted waste materials leave the body in the form of urine. The urine goes through the tube named the ureters and is excreted by the urethra. If the outward flow of urine is blocked for some reason, it passes back to its origin that is the kidneys. If this incident takes place, the kidneys get swelled because of the pressure.

This may happen due to a number of reasons. The kidney stones can get stuck in the route of the urine flow. If the urine passage is scarred or contracted, the flow can be hampered. The most prevalent cause of contracting of the urethra passage is an overgrown prostrate gland. If a tumor grows outside of the urinary tract it may put pressure on the ureters.

If a child is born with such physical deformations, the problems can become visible in early stages of childhood. Nevertheless, this is an ailment that is usually associated with older age. The blockage can be either complete or partial and it may happen in any place in the urinary tract.

Hydronephrosis Symptoms

The problem with Hydronephrosis is that, it gets detected only when the kidneys have received damages to some extent. If the disease is detected in its advanced stage the kidneys may fail.

The most prevalent symptoms of this ailment are fatigue, lack of appetite, short breath, diminished amount of urine and itchy and pale skin. Persisting urine infection may also point to the occurrence of this ailment. Acute forms of the ailment can cause vomiting and nausea to a person along with severe lower back and abdominal pain.

The disease can be diagnosed with some specialized blood and urine tests. Electrolyte imbalance in the blood test and raised PH in Urinalysis can confirm the presence of the disease in a person. The examination also can reveal an enlarged kidney. If the upper urinary tract of a person gets blocked he can feel pain in the groin or abdomen region.

The other significant examinations are CT scan, Ultrasound and MRIs. For assessing the exact location of the obstruction an IVU test is performed. The kidney stones can be of various sizes and many of them can not be traced in ordinary X ray test or the IVU test. But the CT scan is 99% accurate in detecting the stones in the kidney. If the patient is a woman who has conceived, the doctors refrain from using MRI as pregnant women should stay away from radiation exposure.

Hydronephrosis Treatment

The treatment of this ailment is aimed at reducing the stress on the kidneys. This also aids in diminishing the chances of enduring kidney damage. A catheter can be put in the kidney or the bladder but this depends on the place of the blockage. This facilitates free flow of urine thus reducing the pressure on the kidneys. If an enlarged prostrate gland or stone in the kidney is causing the problem, then it requires to be treated first.

If the patient suffers from severe blockage in his upper urinary tract, the doctors insert a nephrostomy tube in it. But if the upper urinary tract blockage is chronic then the doctors insert a ureteric stent. On the other hand, obstruction in the Lower urinary tract is commonly treated by inserting a suprapubic catheter or urinary catheter. Total recovery from the ailment is only possible when it can be detected and treated early.

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Comment Script


My 3 months old girl baby detected hydronephrosis during the pregnency period only. but gragually the size of the tube in the left got increased by 11.5. kindly sugest me .
#1 - [email protected] - 07/06/2009 - 03:34
I am 54 years old. In June 2009 a abd and pelvic scan showed moderate hydronephrosis in my right kidney due to a 9.6mm stone in the lower ureter. I took ayurvedic treatment for the stone. A scan in middle September shwed no stone but the hydronephrosis persisted with the right kidney dilated little more than during 1st scan. My treatment continued. A scan on 24th October showed that it still persists but the dilation has come down. what would be the right treatment now? Will it be okay if I continue Ayurvedic treatment or shall I go for a biopsy or CT scan. Please suggest.
#2 - [email protected] - 10/27/2009 - 04:05
iam 23yrs female .iam having sever abd pain and back pain .i done my USG in that it finds that iam having hydro nephrosisand ascitis.now doctor is givingme only fluids what i should have to do.pls suggest
#3 - johncy zachria - 11/04/2009 - 22:45
Hi, I baby in suffering from Hydronephosis. HE/SHE is going to 9 month (Not born). So please suggest me what should i do ( i m going to forwrd).
#4 - Rahul Rajput - 03/11/2010 - 02:06
hai,my son aged 8is having hydronephrosis .Took USG .mild kidney swelling of left kidney.He has abdominal pain.Ecoly.50000/He is taking antibiotic.What should I do further
#5 - sindhu - 10/21/2010 - 02:18
dear sir
I have hydronephrosis in left kideny. the ultra sonografic report have left kidney have mildly hydronephrosis and up junction have mildly obstruction . in this time i am sufring . so what soud we do now .
#6 - abhisheksingh - 05/30/2011 - 05:51
My son has got hydronephrosis in left kidney
doctors suggest for surgery after surgery what to do
#7 - dhananjay - 12/23/2011 - 01:23
@ dhananjay My son also has hydronephrosis he had the surgery and things went well. It is also on the left side and I would recommend to you that you try it. The only thing is I am not sure if they will have problems in the future or not. His surgery was in 2010 and we are back in the ER with the same symptoms. I don't regret letting him go through the surgery, I think that as a parent I made the right decision. By being back in the ER I just hop that its something else and not that. I really didn't know that there were other kids and parents that had to make a decision as I did or go through what my son has or is.
#8 - kflood - 02/15/2012 - 14:28
I am 45 yrs of age without any health issues and went to Allopathic Clinic for weight loss program. One capsule every day morning was given for fat burning. 1st 3 days was fine but from 4th day it gave me trouble in p[@]ing urine and Dr stopped me taking that capsule. He tested my creatinine and PSI - they both were normal. Then again i started but after 8-10 days it is giving me more problems again and i have stopped it. I just want your advise that what could be the reason and diagnosis with your opinion will be appreciable.
#9 - Raj - 05/31/2012 - 05:05
Respected sir,
I am 45 years old, I Have Hydrophones in left kidney, The ultra sonographic report have left kidney have mild hydronephrosis and upper junction have 2.5mm calculuse, please tell me what should we do now.
[email protected]
#10 - Kumaraswamy.HG - 08/12/2014 - 02:05
my hubby is detected left kidney moderate hydronephrosis.doctor told it's due to stone present in the kidney .my question is if all the stones comes out will the kidney be norma?within how much time is condition should be treated.l
#11 - shanu - 08/20/2014 - 23:39
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