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Hernia is an ailment that can affect everybody irrespective of gender and age. A hernia is basically a swelling of a tissue or an organ part through the membrane or the muscular tissue which covers it. As a matter of fact, the majority of the hernias grow in the abdominal part of the body. Owing to a weak spot in the abdominal layer, an adipose tissue can protrude. Another variant of hernia deals with the intervertebral disc and can lead to sciatica or back pain in the victim. The hernias were previously known as ruptures.

Causes of Hernia

The abdominal layer of the human body can be compared to a sheet of muscles that performs the work of a corset and prevents the internal organs like the intestines from protruding outside. When this muscle develops a weak spot, the intestine parts comes out and the skin forms a lump or bulge under its surface.

Any type of activity that increases the pressure in the abdominal region, can lead to the development of a tear or weakening of tissue in the wall of the abdomen. These include coughing forcefully, heavy lifting or putting pressure in bowel movements. Hernia can also be caused by vigorous exercise.

Hernia Symptoms

A person who has developed hernia may initially feel pain and a sensation of something being loosened from the body organs. This is followed by the development of a lump. However, this does not create pain and it can increase with time. Even though hernias may not cause any major physical discomfort or pain, over time they get stuck and the blood supply to the bulge is cut off. This situation calls for an emergency operation.

Hernia Types

Hernia can be divided into certain categories depending upon its location and causes of occurrence.

The congenital variant of Hernia is inherited by a child from its parents. It arises from a congenital defect and may take place in the first year of a child. On the other hand, the acquired hernias take place later.

The most prevalent form of a hernia is the variant called inguinal hernia. Around 75% of the abdominal hernias fall in this category. This type of hernia is seen more in men than women.

The femoral hernia takes place underneath the inguinal ligament when the abdominal materials get into the weak part at the back layer of femoral canal. The bulge caused by this hernia has a more rounded appearance than the inguinal hernias. The occurrences of strangulation are high in this variant.

The Umbilical hernia is a variant which is observed mostly in the children of African origin. It is the boys who are more affected. These types of hernias are resolved naturally. The adults suffering from this variant, are mostly obese people and pregnant women.

The brain hernia can develop due to too much intracranial pressure. This can have fatal consequences. Other types of hernia include diaphragmatic hernia, hiatus hernia, Cooper's hernia, Grynfeltt's hernia, perineal hernia etc.

Hernia Treatment

The best way to deal with hernia is to get operated. The good part about the hernia operations is that they do not take much time. A patient is usually released in the same day of the operation.

Depending on the physical condition and fitness of the patient, the hernia operation is performed under general or regional anesthesia. In some cases, a keyhole surgery is performed by the doctors. However, the patients are advised to refrain from performing heavy physical activities for some time.

People should follow some cautions to avoid the occurrence of hernia. They should try to keep the body weight proportionate with their height. Care should be taken when they are lifting a weight from the ground level. A person who has developed the disease should refrain from smoking as this will check the tendency to cough. The person should adhere to a high fiber diet to evade constipation and the need to strain for bowel movement.

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