Hepatitis C
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The human liver is affected by some deadly diseases and Hepatitis C is a prominent one among them. The Hepatitis virus is responsible for the inflammation of the liver which leads to this ailment. It affects a lot of people all over the world and the affected people can act as its career without knowing it.

Causes of Hepatitis C

The Hepatitis C virus uses the blood as the most prevalent transmission route. The intravenous drug users also face the risk of contracting this disease as they share syringes used by others. People who have a fetish for body piercing and tattoos also stand at risk as the use of non sterilized needles can lead to the infection. Apart from these routes, the Hepatitis C virus can also be transmitted sexually.

If a person infected with the virus has unprotected sex with others, he can pass the virus to them though its occurrences are not very common. Sharing things that comes in contact with an infected person’s body fluids such as the toothbrush or razors can lead a person to contract the ailment. However, this virus can not be transmitted by external forms of physical contacts like hugging, kissing or shaking hands.

Hepatitis C Symptoms

As a matter of fact, the majority of people getting infected by the virus do not show any specific symptom in the early days. However, the common symptoms of the disease are tiredness, lack of appetite, loss of weight, nausea and joint pain. A person suffering from this malady can not consume alcohol. The intensity of fatigue may vary from person to person. Besides, a person can feel mild to severe fatigue during different stages of the disease.

The main difference of Hepatitis C with the other variants of Hepatitis is that it does not lead an affected person to develop jaundice. The infection can last for a period of 6 months. At least 20% of the people suffering from hepatitis C develop cirrhosis of liver. This happens to the victims of chronic hepatitis infection.

The disease can broadly be classified into two stages, acute and chronic. People in the acute phase hardly feel any symptoms or serious illness to visit a doctor. Even in the chronic stage of the disease it remains undetected in many patients. When serious liver disease develops in a victim and doctors identify Hepatitis C as the cause, it is seen that the disease was present in his body for a number of years.

Hepatitis C Treatment

The treatment depends on factors like the stage of the ailment, and its duration. The blood tests are required to decide the variant of Hepatitis virus and the state of the liver. A liver biopsy test is also conducted to see if the victim is heading to cirrhosis of lever. Usually the patients affected with Hepatitis C are given ribavirin and pegylated interferon alpha. There is no vaccine available for the virus unlike the other variants.

Some doctors rely more on substitute modes of treatment for fighting the hepatitis C virus. These treatments aim at restoring the liver to its functional and healthy state rather than focusing on treating the virus. It prolongs the course of the disease and enables an affected person to live a healthy life.

Advice

A person can adopt several safety measures to keep the disease at bay. Since no remedy or vaccine against the ailment is available it is better to take prevention. The injecting drug users should always refrain from sharing needles used by others. Using condoms during sex is another way to protect oneself from the risk of infection. According to the recommendations made by the medical community, people suffering from Hepatitis C should go for vaccination against other variants of the ailment like Hepatitis B or A. The consumption of alcoholic drinks aggravates the chance of cirrhosis so this should be avoided by the patients.

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