Head Injury In Childhood
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Any sort of accident or trauma which might affect the brain is called a head injury. Head injuries are common in children and can be of concern if they end up causing damage to the brain. Any sort of cut or damage to the brain tissue or the covering membranes might lead to a lot of serious trouble. A head injury in childhood might end up damaging the spinal cord, sight and hearing of the person, along with hampering the major airways.

Since the brain is the seat of all functions in our body, any injury to the head might harm the brain, increasing the subsequent risk of a person losing a particular facility and subsequently getting crippled for life. Some problems which might occur due to a head injury are skull fracture (lacerations to the scalp and resulting hemorrhage of the skin), traumatic subdural hematoma (a bleeding below the dura mater which may slow down the development), traumatic extradural or epidural hematoma (bleeding between the dura mater and the skull), traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral contusion (a bruise of the brain), concussion (a temporary loss of function due to trauma), dementia pugilistica or "punch-drunk syndrome" (caused by repetitive head injuries) etc. Coma or death may also be result of a serious head injury.

It is estimated that every 300 in 100,000 per year suffer from head injuries out of these the mortality rate is about 25%.

Head Injury In Childhood Cause

Any sort of accident might lead to a head injury. Usually road accidents result in these sorts of injuries varying in degree depending on the intensity of the accident. A fall from cots, windows, stairs or sports are other ways of getting a head injury.

Who's Affected by Head Injury In Childhood?

Anyone can get affected by head injuries. It is not confined to any age, but usually children, who are more prone to falls are at risk of getting a head injury.

Symptoms of Head Injury In Childhood

Visible symptoms like cut in head, a bump or bruising can be seen in a head injury. A person may also lose consciousness, get confused, drowsy, and dizzy or have a headache, nausea and vomiting, blurred vision or temporary loss of memory or seizures when he/she acquires a head injury. At times, there might be leak from the nose or ears, which would be straw colored or bloodstained, indicating that the skull has fractured requiring immediate attention.

Treatment for Head Injury In Childhood

Due to gravity of a head injury, people with even mild injuries and no visible symptoms should also be kept under strict observation for at least twelve hours. They need to be checked upon regularly for any signs of deterioration in condition.

One should contact a doctor immediately if there are any visible signs of a head injury. CT Scans and MRI Scans should be performed in case of any of the visible symptoms of head injury show.

In case of damaged skin and bones or a hemorrhage, one might need to perform a surgery. In milder cases, a rest for a couple of days will be enough to bring the situation to normalcy. However, in case of serious injuries, long-term problems may persist in the form of disruption of any aspect of the body which is controlled by brain.

If not given proper treatment on time, the head injury may develop complications leading to a death or some permanent disability of the person. Thus, immediate medical attention should be provided to the people suffering from a head injury and it should start form the very scene of accident itself.

The patient should be immediately immobilized so as not to cause more harm to the brain. Elevated intracranial pressure should be controlled at once. In the second line of treatments measures like decompressive craniectomy, barbiturate coma, hypertonic saline and hypothermia should be adopted.

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