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What is Adenoid?

The term Adenoid actually refers to the mass of tissue of lymphoid which are located behind the nose and at the top of the nasopharynx. It is at this position the mouth meets the nose. In children they are normally a soft lump at the back wall of the nasopharynx which is located just behind the uvula. Adenoid is a gland that is a part of immune system. The main function of this gland is trapping the infections like bacteria and virus like all the other tissues of lymph and produce antibodies. The position of Adenoid also ensures that it discharges its function effectively. Since it is situated in the passage behind the nose they defend the body from the inhaled germs. However at times the adenoid gland itself gets infected and this causes severe health concerns among individuals.

Adenoid Causes

When the adenoid gland increases in size due to infection it causes various problems. The enlarged adenoid sometimes takes the size of ping pong balls and thus completely blocks the flow of air through nasal cavity. This causes immense discomfort. The patient feels uncomfortable and has to put in increased effort in breathing.

There may be several reasons for enlarged adenoid. Sometimes a child is born with an enlarged adenoid. Enlarged adenoid can also be developed within first few years of child development. They mainly become enlarged due to the constant infection in the upper part of the respiratory system. Tonsils are also one type of infection caused due to the enlarged adenoid.

Adenoid Symptoms

The first symptom of this infection is breathing through the mouth. As the adenoid increases in size it completely blocks the airflow through nose thus allowing the child to breathe only through their mouth. Mouth breathing becomes more evident at night during sleep. However in some cases mouth breathing is also encountered during day time. Mouth breathing results in cracked lips and dry mouth. Severe infection of adenoid and dry mouth often results in bad breath. Apart from that there is often change of voice due to the enlarged adenoid.

Other symptoms of infection in adenoid are infection in ear, sleep apnoea and snoring. In extreme cases enlarged adenoids also results in the pressure in the heart. Problem in sleep in children may result in the improper growth of the child

Adenoid Treatment

In the initial stages antibiotic is used for treating adenoid infection. However, they do not prove to be much helpful if the infection is very serious and chronic. In severe cases many doctors prescribe that the enlarged adenoid be operated. The operation which involves the removal of adenoid is known as adenoidectomy. It is done to deal with the complications of obstructed breathing and mouth breathing. This surgery can also be done in children. A successful operation will enable a child to breath comfortably and freely. Their disturbances in sleep will also reduce to a considerable extent thus ensuring proper growth in a child.


Children should be taken proper care by their parents so that they do not frequently suffer from viral infections. If the children are prone to infection then the causes of infection should be identified and proper precautions be taken. In case the child gets infected by this disease treatment should be done immediately by taking him to the doctor so that they do not reach the severe stage.

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Comment Script


i have 4 yr old son , He is had 2 3 bouts of acute tonsill and bronchitus after which he started kind of snoring , difficult breathing, we got it checked and now they said he has adenoids , now what should we do , i am giving septalin and xpert d 5 ml OD , what else we should do , how can we make him sleep comfortably
#1 - anju - 01/28/2009 - 11:51
I have a 4 yr daughter,she too had the same problem and now snores,also sometimes her breathing stops in her sleep.She has been diagnosed with enlarged adenoids and surgery has been recomended.I am trying to find out if there is any alternate treatment.she takes septilin but no much effect.We r so worried as she cant have a normal life.
#2 - suzy - 04/29/2009 - 06:07
I am experiencing shortge of breath and fainting spells the doctor said that one of my noistrils is swolen what must I do
#3 - desrinegangaram - 05/22/2009 - 19:40
My daughter had adenoids problem for years and she had the surgery a week back,our fear was the reason for postponing,but we regretted it .Her teeth are out of place and she never wakes up fresh and rested.She loved dancing but had to stop b'coz she didn,t have the strength.Now she is 12yrs old.My only regret was we didn't take the surgery sooner.
#4 - Rita - 06/03/2010 - 05:22
45 yr old and have been there done that in terms of blocked nasal,post nasal,snoring(recently).throat /nasal p[@]age feels like there's a piece of sponge at the back sometimes making breathing a nighmare.Glands in my neck look like balls most times.still have all my wisdoms but doubt if that is the cause -more prominant in the nasal area.Some morningsfeel like I have not slept at all ???where to now...
#5 - Estelle - 11/10/2010 - 06:26
i hav 3 yr son. he is suffering from adenoitis.v r givin him allopathic and homeopathic both but doctors say if he is not ok surgery is the option.i dont want this.does this gland not gets ok after few yrs on its own as i saw it shrinks after 12 yrs. can anyone suggest me pls?
#6 - soni - 11/23/2010 - 05:19
My 7 year old son is booked to have Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy in May. My son is 7 years old has sleep apnea, has been hospitalized for severe infection in his Lymph nodes. Asthma out of control. Allergy testing every 6 months. can't pay attention in school, so now his grades have dropped. Falls asleep after walking up an hour earlier. Did I tell you his weight is 43 pounds, which has been his weight since he was 2 and a half. Now the doctors finally agree he needs surgery. Don't let it get this out of hand if your child needs to have the surgery done. I can't wait for my little boy to feel better, doctors have made him wait along time.
#7 - Teresa - 03/13/2011 - 22:58
I have a 7 yr son, he had the same problem and now he has been suffering ear infection. he has been diognosed with enlarged adeniods and surgery has been recomended. I am trying to find out if there is any alternative treatment. he takes drops (injection) into his ear. We are worried as he can't have a normal life.
#8 - Subrata - 04/07/2011 - 00:37
My daughter is 13 and scheduled to have her adenoids out and some holes put in her turbinates. I'm having second thoughts. Any other suggestions, homeopathic, alternative meds, chiropractic? What has anyone used? Thanks for ideas.
#9 - lisa - 05/14/2011 - 16:38
I have the same problem with my 6 year old son, he has been operated but just a few months after, the same thing is happening again. I was told by our Dr that aeniods regrow...sometimes I wonder how many operations he'll need to have done before he gets to be just a normal 6 yeaer old...really worried
#10 - Ashley - 07/01/2011 - 12:20
i would encaurage parents to allow their children with adenoids to be operated. my sister's child had a severe case and was operated and adenoids removed at 3 yrs of age and the child is normal and in school 4 years later.
#11 - fay - 07/02/2011 - 03:22
I am also facing this problem with my 15 months old baby - kindly guide us on the treatment to be followed
#12 - Durga - 08/15/2011 - 10:57
My 2 yr old son had enlarged adenoids and sleep apnea so we chose to have his adenoids removed. I was nervous about the surgery. It only took 20 min. He went in at 8am. Slept until 2pm that day and when he woke up he was back to normal. Running around and playing outside!
#13 - April - 09/17/2011 - 01:39
Septilin Syrup (200ml)+ Kanakasavam (450 ml)+ Dasmoolakaduthrayam Kashayam (200 ml). Mix these and take orally three times a day. Guggulapanchaphalam churnam (half tea spoon in honey) 3 times/day. continuous usage of Rasnadi Churna after bath. Avoid oily/bakery/cool foods (Strictly). it is very effective in most cases.
#14 - Sreekanth S - 10/18/2011 - 05:17
I have twins girl child at the age of 6 years. Doctors told that both have adinoid but one of my daughter has lesser and the other has enlarge adinoids. Many dr. told to do the operation but one of the doctor said that the child thus not need to go under operation. I am confuse about the operation to be done or not. In winter she goes under cold an seezing and so has enlarge adinoid but when treated she gets ok. Kindly guide me what should i do. Should my child go under operation or not or would it get better by ages.
#15 - Vaibhav malhotra - 05/21/2012 - 03:11
my baby is only 5 months old and i have been told that he has anenoids he finds it hard to breath and at night sometimes he wakes up finding it hard to breath this has ben going on since he was a month old and i was told there was nothing wrong untill now is he to young for surgery? im terified realy need advice.
#16 - aine - 05/28/2012 - 09:29
My baby will be 5 months in a weeks time. I am told his adenoids are swollen and he would require surgery if the medication does not work..
#17 - Mary - 06/06/2012 - 08:57
please help my 3 month old daughter after her naming ceremony has developed nasal congestion, saline drops, and the like have been done after intermittent releif the congestion is back, her chest is clear, i cant seem not to worry ... anyone who can help
#18 - sujata prasant - 08/18/2012 - 21:29
my son 9 year and 6 years both are suffering from adenoids, t don;t know when and how it came but i m very much worried for them, because a simple cold is a very irritating and problematic for them i m afraid of surgery,any alternative medicines anybody knoow?
#19 - sarika - 02/01/2013 - 04:56
After reading other comments I am concerned about your children, especially the 5 mo old! I am 44 yrs old, have had enlarged adenoids my entire life & have always had to breath through my mouth at night. I did not "suffer" in any way through childhood until this last year. I am now considering surgery for myself even though adenoids have never come up during recent visits to my ENT or my allery specialist. My entire family has sinusitus including my 11 &14 yr old sons. My brother had his removed at 24, his children also had their's removed at ages 4 & 6. He still gets infections and can not tell a difference before or after removal. I am writing to say please please do not allow surgery to be done on your 5 mo old or 2 yr old babies! I am proof that they WILL live "normal" lives. This type of surgery is not necessary & CAN wait!
#20 - Lisa - 09/03/2013 - 09:18
thanks for your personal experience , My 4 years old daughter also adenoid form last few days . Many doctors advice to remove but i am not agreed with them , i just treatment to no inaction will be grow.

thanks to all for share experience.
#21 - reaza - 07/29/2015 - 05:57
My 15 months son was diagnosed of adenoid enlargement last year.But recently he has been having bouts of fever when taking to the hospital they diagnosed tonsilitis.what is the difference between adenoid and tonsilitis.He has had fever continuously for a week now.His eyes are now swollen.One of the ears smells.What do I do as there is no improvement with the bioexim antibiotics he is taking?
#22 - chinedu - 10/06/2015 - 22:29
My son is 5 month I found that he got adenoids n the acute bronchitis so the want to operate him is safety for him or what? Please advice
#23 - simra - 11/27/2015 - 04:02
My daughter has enlarged adenoid. She snores n finds it difficult to breathe in night. Doctors have advised surgery. Is there any alternative
#24 - naina - 09/16/2016 - 13:26
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