Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)
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Introduction

 

Typhoid is one of the prime contagious diseases of the world today. It is a fast spreading disease, which can become an epidemic within a short while. Countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America are very much prone to typhoid contagions, where thousands of people die each year in epidemics. Even in developed countries like America, typhoid is a threat, as immigrants can bring the contagion with them. In a city like New York, there are about 35 cases of people dying per year of typhoid infections.

   

Definition of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

 

Basically speaking, typhoid is a bacterial infection of the alimentary tract in humans. The bacterium responsible for the infection of typhoid is the Salmonella typhi. It is ingested through contaminated food and water and thus it enters the alimentary tract of humans. Here it mixes in the bloodstream and multiplies until it is finally eliminated through egestion. However the multiplied bacteria that are retained in the bloodstream cause the condition of typhoid.

Both the conditions of manthara and antrika jwara prescribed in Ayurveda correspond to the infection of typhoid. Hence, both these terms can be applied to typhoid.

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Causes of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

According to Ayurvedic principles, there are three doshas or humors which determine the general body constitution of every person. These three doshas are as follows:-

  • Vata doshaThis dosha represents the air element.
  • Pitta dosha – This dosha represents the fire element.
  • Kapha dosha – This dosha represents coordination between the earth and the water elements.

In every person, there is a proportion of these three doshas. When there is an imbalance (vitiation) in any of these three parameters, then it causes vyaadhi or disease in the body.

Typhoid is a very serious disease. It is caused due to vitiation in any one of the three doshas. This means, typhoid causes a change in all the elements of the body – wind, water, fire and earth.

From a medical point of view, typhoid is caused due to a bacterial infection. The bacterium belongs to the salmonella family, and is named as Salmonella typhi. This bacterium lives in the digestive tract of humans. Hence, typhoid is also classified as a food-borne disease.

The following are the ways in which Salmonella typhi can enter the body of a healthy person:-

  • Eating raw and uncooked food
  • Eating food that is contamination
  • Drinking unfiltered water

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Symptoms of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid conditions usually last for three to four weeks, with the highest fever on the eighth day. The general symptoms of the disease are the same and there are very little variations from one infected person to the other. The following are some of the very commonly observed symptoms of typhoid:-

A persistent fever that appears suddenly is one of the preliminary indicators of typhoid. Fevers make their appearances in the morning and become more severe in the evening. Typhoid fevers are accompanied by headaches and stomach pains.

There is nausea and a feeling of vomiting.

Due to loss of appetite, the person’s diet is very much restricted. Hence the person loses weight.

The person loses sleep and feels feverish all through the night.

Typhoid people are very weak and fatigued as long as they are affected by the disease.

There may be occasional instances of nosebleeds and chills.

The mental state of the person becomes quite unreliable. The person would be in a constant state of delirium and emotional unbalance. Irritability and hot-headedness is common and must be handled with care by the family members.

There are several abdominal disorders that accompany typhoid fevers. The following are some of them:-

  • There are gurgling sounds in the abdomen when slight pressure is applied.
  • A distention of the abdomen is observed.
  • The person complains of abdominal pains.
  • There are toilet problems; diarrhea is commonly seen.

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People who are at Risk of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid is mostly as tropical disease. It is found in the developing countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Mexico and African and South American countries. Natives of these countries are the most exposed to typhoid risks.

People who need to eat outside the home most of the time are also at high risk. If the person is not particular about the cleanliness of the foods and drinks, he or she consumes, then there could be a typhoid infection.

Also, family members and neighbors of typhoid victims are at high risk. It is absolutely vital that these people be vaccinated and take due precautions like quarantining the patient of typhoid.

Some people carry the typhoid bacterium in them and can infect others even if they themselves do not show the symptoms of the disease. Such people must be identified and treated properly. One such example in history was of Mary Mollen, known as Typhoid Mary, a cook in New York about a hundred years back. She is known to have infected about fifty people causing five deaths before herself dying after more than two decades in quarantine.

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Complications of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid can be fatal if ignored in the early stages.

Ulcers can be formed in the bowels during typhoid. If these ulcers are not taken care of, they lead to perforations in the bowels. The perforations are formed in the third week of the typhoid fever, and it is known to develop in 5% of all the people infected with typhoid. Perforation of the intestines is a very dangerous situation and may lead to death (about 25% of all typhoid deaths are due to intestinal perforation).

If a typhoid patient has developed intestinal perforations, then the following symptoms are observed:-

  • Severe pain in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Infection of the bloodstream, i.e. sepsis.

Apart from the very dangerous complication of intestinal perforation, there are some other less dangerous complications that can be seen:-

  • Myocarditis – inflammation of the heart muscle
  • Pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas
  • Osteomyelitis – infection of the spinal cord
  • Meningitis – infection of the brain and the spinal cord
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Infections of the kidneys
  • Pneumonia

In most cases, typhoid itself is cured with medication, but the complications may persist. For this reason, a proper treatment of typhoid must be followed until the last course of the medication. The relapse rate in typhoid is very high.

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Prevention of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid is a contagious disease; hence it can be prevented by taking a few precautions. The following are some guidelines to prevent typhoid:-

Water must be properly filtered and boiled before drinking.

Food must be properly washed and then cooked.

One must not eat or drink in unhygienic or unreliable places.

If you feel thirsty when outside, opt for teas and coffees, since they use boiled water. Fruit juices have cold water which may be unhygienic. At the same time, do not use ice in your drinks, as the water used for making ice may be contaminated.

While eating fruits, they must be washed and then the outer peel must be discarded.

Wash your hands repeatedly with soap and water. This will help prevent the spread of infection to others. Also instill good hygienic habits in your children if you have.

Children should be given typhoid vaccinations.

If there is a typhoid patient in the vicinity, then all due precautions must be taken. People must be vaccinated. There must be proper provision for the disposal of the fecal matter of the patient.

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Diet for People with Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Dietary modifications are essential in typhoid as it is a disease of the digestive tract. The role of the proximate principles of food – carbohydrates, fats and proteins – are briefly mentioned below.

Carbohydrates should be an essential part of the diet because of the following reasons:-

    • They are the primary source of energy.
    • They are necessary for the proper metabolism of fats.
    • They provide roughage in the form of cellulose and thus facilitate the easy movement of bowels.
    • If they are taken in an adequate amount, then they allow the proteins to perform their main function of building up the worn-out tissues. Or else, proteins will be consumed in providing energy.

Also, patients of typhoid are unable to eat much. Hence, carbohydrates are ideal foods as they can provide the requisite amount of energy within a small volume. Foods such as wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, potatoes, etc. are rich in carbohydrates.

Fats can be consumed only if there is no diarrhea. Fats can also provide high amounts of energy, and they can regulate the metabolism of fatty acids in the diet. Vegetable oils can be used. Milk products such as butter, cheese, cream and emulsified fats can be consumed.

Proteins are essential as they replace the worn out cells and help in the repair process of the body. Eggs and milk are the suitable proteins that can be consumed during typhoid fevers.

The following dietary guidelines must be followed when suffering from typhoid:-

  • The food must be simple and easy to digest. Avoid all kinds of spices in the food.
  • The food should be cooked well, but not overcooked as that would make it difficult to digest.
If diarrheas develop in typhoid, then there will be loss of water and water soluble vitamins such as those of B complex and C. Water can be compensated for by drinking plenty of fluids such as soups, curries, gravies and fruit juices (all made with filtered and boiled water). Vitamins B and C foods must be consumed in order to compensate for the losses of those vitamins.

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Ayurvedic Treatment of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Ayurveda has a host of herbs that are beneficial in conditions of typhoid. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body:-

Ayurvedic Name of the Herb

Biological Name of the Herb

Common English Name of the Herb

Topical Action

Ambarbaris

Berberis vulgaris

Jaundice Berry

Due to the presence of citric and malic acids in them, jaundice berries can be used as a treatment for inflammatory fevers such as typhoid. Also the citric acid in them ensures the compensation of its loss through diarrhea.

Neem

Azadirachtha indica

Margosa

The root bark of the neem tree is used in a decoction to treat the fevers that develop in typhoid.

The following is a popularly used course of treatment for typhoid:-

Week of Typhoid Infection

Ayurvedic Preparation to Use

Quantity

Manner of Using

First

Muktashukti Bhasma,

Mrigshringa Bhasma

125 mg each

The prescribed quantity is to be taken thrice daily mixed with water.

First

Khub Kalana

12 g

Khub Kalana can be taken as a decoction with 10 g of dry grapes. The decoction is prepared in one liter of water, which is boiled down to one-third its original amount.

Second

Muktashukti Bhasma,

Kasturi Bhairavi Rasa

10 mg,

120 mg

Both these preparations are to be taken with honey, thrice everyday.

Second

Saubhagya Vati,

Jwararyabhra

120 mg,

240 mg

Both these mixtures can be taken in conjunction with the above with the juice of fresh ginger. The dosage is three times per day.

Third

Pravala Bhasma,

Vasanta Malati Rasa,

Amrita Sattva

120 mg each

These preparations are taken together with honey twice a day.

Third

Pippali,

Sarva Jwara Lauha

240 mg each

These are taken in the after the above preparations. They should be taken at least three hours after the above.

Fourth

Navayasa Choorna,

Vasanta Malati Rasa,

Sitopaladi Choorna

2.5 mg,

120 mg,

1.5 mg

These are to be taken with honey twice a day.

Fourth

Amritarishta,

Vish Mushtayasava,

Lauhasava

10 ml,

5 ml,

10 ml

These liquid preparations are to be taken with equal quantities of water after lunch and dinner.

With the above treatment procedure, if the body is massaged with MahalakshadiTela, then there is immense relief.

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Post Your Comments

Comment Script

Comments

My Son has been suffering from typhoid for the last 3 days. I checked with Dr and he says that it is not a contagious disease, where as your literature shows that you have nominated it as contagious. As per the Dr the likelyhood of aquiring would only be possible when the subject has consumed the contaminated water, primarily mixed severage contamination. Please comment

Thanks
#1 - abbas - 12/06/2008 - 14:18
Of course, it is contagious disease, though does not spread as quickly as other diseases. even in TB, infection through external medium is very rare as 3 out of 10 have the possibility of getting infected.

Here, the infection can be avoided if hands are washed properly, or utensils used by patients are avoided.
#2 - Satyendrainsaket@yahoo.com - 01/19/2009 - 13:18
Me and my brother both contracted the disease probably i hope from a non-veg receipe that we ate in a hotel.Though my brother\'s condition severely worsened with his pulse dropping down, I was stable with occasional temperatures shooting to 105 C. It is now 1 week since my medication(T.SECEF) got over. Though I have no fever or any symptoms of the disease now,I find a peculiar foul smell from my stool still continuing. Is this any serious problem to be worried of or is this any symptom of intestinal perforation and also when would it be advisable to take non-veg diet ? Thanks in advance.
#3 - ARVIND P - 03/29/2009 - 06:57
I had typhoid in dec.08 my aleopathy tratement is done in Jan.09 but till today i m not feeling well. I have pain in my legs, gases problem, no taste on tounge. some time i feeling little fever in my body. Kindly help & give suggestion for ayurvedic medicine.
#4 - Mandar Raut - 05/06/2009 - 03:55
I HAVE TYPHOID and i m vomiting.I also have stomach aches almost every time.I am on drugs and they seem to be working. I feel like ferting every time.
#5 - ogwang - 06/17/2009 - 00:25
I suffer from typhoid on and off. I catch it almost every year and iam sick of it now. I do not have fever but feeling of vomiting and nausia and iam not able to walk much i want to be cured with diet instead of medicine
#6 - Hina - 08/28/2009 - 03:57
My son had been suffered with typhoid now then he was feeling well but from 3 days he gets pain in her "pasli" and little fever what do I do ?
#7 - Saima - 09/08/2009 - 01:03
i m also a b.a.m.s.student doing intrnship.mybrother have fever from last 3days.widal test is not done,the blood test shows neutropenia and sgot and sgpt are mildly elevated.he having nausea,sore thoat,oral ulcers,abdominal tenderness,ocular pAIN,fever with chills,i think there may be typhoid fever,plz tell the proper treatment with these symptoms or anything which can be done.
#8 - dr.rimpaljeet kaur - 10/25/2009 - 09:25
for any type of fever whether it is viral or bacterial or whatever
take Tab (Giloyghan vati) by patanjali ayurved ltd
with this do anulom vilom and kapalbhati pranayam once daily 10 mins each
for more imformation
call Dr Abhishek 9888950123
#9 - Dr Abhishek - 03/12/2010 - 04:31
I m suffering from some fever and body ache since Feb 27 and ignored it until my situation worsened. On 12.03.10 I got myself examined at a clinic and doctor advised blood and urine test which shows s-typhi-o=1:80 and s-typhi-h=1:80 and urine report as normal. the doctor prescribed me cefixime 200 and fever tablets twice a day in the morning and evening. I am taking medicines till date and feeling about 80% relief from body ache. I have a low fever every evening. should I undergo any remaining test again? Please advise.
#10 - Anil Thakur - 03/31/2010 - 09:52
my son has acquired typhoid since past 5 days. my doctor has said that the reason is that he did not get typhoid booster injection. can the typhoid bacteria in his body be totally eradicated?
#11 - gaurangana - 06/24/2010 - 09:06
I am a lactating mother and is suffering from typhoid.I dont have any loose motion neither do i have anorexia .I am still liking to eat.Is it ok to feed my baby and keep her close to me.
#12 - SaraniNeogi - 07/09/2010 - 05:01
I had fever and body ache since 3 weeks but I ignored it. I consulted a doctor and I donot have fever now but I feel weak. I am following the diet but still my stool is thick and pains a lot.
Please advise
#13 - Anu - 08/12/2010 - 02:15
my son is suffering from typhoid from past one week no result even after seeing the the the dr could you give me some suggestions
#14 - gaaya - 08/20/2010 - 04:24
i have just been diagnised with typhoid.in the south we control dysentry with arrowroot porridge ,black tea and most importantly red bananas which is available in south india.the red bananas help heals the wound in the stomach.my constant dysentry stopped after taking all this ,we are also advised to keep away from fried food ,non-veg and spicy food for a month.for every thing else i take tablets.diet is most importyant and plenty............of rest.
#15 - s.ramya - 11/06/2010 - 06:34
I had effect by typhoid in 2001 and got treatment of elopathy. The doses of its treatment has given for three days besides of seven days in medical.
From that day to yet I'm always suffering with feverish ,headache and pain in my abdomen part. on the test of blood, i'm reported with styphi becteria infection. no medicines working properly.
So plz give me the best help and acurate name of the medicines from ayurvedic. And kindly save my life and future what i want to live on my rest days.
#16 - manoranjan naik - 11/08/2010 - 08:36
hello sir i have affeceted with typhoid in 2010 sep. i was given antibiotics and b-complex tablets.now again i have been confirmed for typhoid today.as i have travelled to college daily by train, i have to drink outside water. but now iam feeling so tensed about this typhoid fever.what shall i do now?please suggest me some dietary list nad some measures form side effecets of typhoid. please help me out i will be thankful to you.
#17 - priya - 08/30/2011 - 13:13
Very interesting post i liked it a lot. Great work.
#18 - deepa - 09/08/2011 - 00:20
i m suffering from typhoid from last 28 days .dr hav given me injections and medicine.i am eating medicine from last 23 days.now the temp lows but in evenning it comes uptp100 f.so i m very weak now.so tell that did i stop eating medicine?and also tell what to eat now?
#19 - pankaj sharma - 09/09/2011 - 08:37
i hav typhoid from vry long tym and alwas hav widal test positive with
s typhi o=1.80 s typhi h=1:80. i hav taken many antibiotics but report remains the same. i m fed up with this problem, n hav ulcers in mouth,stomach and throat and constipation also plz suggets me to come out of this problem.
#20 - kamla verma - 09/11/2011 - 08:34
i am suffering from typhoid from last 2 months i want to ask about the infection to others
#21 - kirti - 09/11/2011 - 12:42
i m having same fever from last one week. i want to come with maximum my efforts and minimum medicine. what should i do to protect myself?
#22 - kuldeep - 09/12/2011 - 00:54
i am suffering from typhoid with severe abdomen pain especially in the night
#23 - lisa - 09/24/2011 - 21:04
I HAD TYPHOID FROM LAST THREE YEARS I USED TO FEEL NAUSEA AND VOMITING I UNDERGO THROUGH ALOPATHY TREATMENT FOR FIFTEEN DAYS BY CIFRON AND IV INJECTION AND AFTER TREATMENT I FELT WELL .AND I GOT MY TASTE AND SMELL BACK .THEY DINT GIVE A SINGLE MEDICINE ,I WENT THROUGH ONLY INJECTION.BUT I LIVE IN BANGALORE AND HERE THERE IS GREAT POSSIBILITY OF GETTING THIS INFECTION SO I HAVE TO LIVE THIS PLACE BECAUSE I CANT TAKE SO MUCH OF PRECAUTION.
#24 - SURAJ - 10/08/2011 - 12:29
I WAS SUFFERING FROM TYPHOID IN THE LAST MONTH AND TAKEN TREATMENT ALSO, I ALSO HAVE SUGAR ,BP,HYPOTHYROIDISM AND NOW CHEST X-RAY DIAGNIZED IT AS TB.SHOULD I FURTHER CONFIRM ABOUT TB OR SHOULD I START TAKING TB TREATMENT FOR 6 MONTHS.PLEASE TELL ME FAST I DONT HAVE COUGH OR SPUTUM FORMATION ALSO.
#25 - RAMANA - 11/09/2011 - 00:27
my friend has got typhoid.we both were staying in a single room.he left to home town.i got fever headache and nusea .last night my body temprature rise and by morning i was all sweat,,now i dont have fever till evening ,,do u think i got typhoid
#26 - kevin - 11/13/2011 - 06:32
SIR I AM SUFFRING TYPHOID FEVER SINCE LAST FOUR YEARS, I ALSO GOT MANY AYURVEDIC TREATMENT IN DAUSA & JAIPUR (RAJASTHAN). PLEASE ADVICE ME FOR A PERMANENT TREATMENT. WITH THANKS
#27 - TAHIR HUSAIN - 11/14/2011 - 04:46
i am suffering from typhoid from last 15 days but no big relief as such
kindly advice

#28 - abhinav chauhan - 11/15/2011 - 02:58
hi sir, my brother is suffering from typhoid. its starting stage ly, but with typhoid he is suffering with chicken pox. what should do, tell the diet and gove some suggestions to my brother to get out of this diseases. though he is 14yrs of guy, unable to tolerate his fever and pain
#29 - Nisha - 11/17/2011 - 02:13
Hello,

My son who is 6 years old was having typhoid and now his course of Injections have been completed so I would like to know that how many days he should take rest and avoid phulka (roti).

Please advice.
#30 - Jyoti Manocha - 11/22/2011 - 05:44
which durg should be given in typhoid fever
#31 - Ayaz - 12/06/2011 - 00:13
iam student of faculty of medicine department human anatomy.
i was very happy to see this result,
sir if i can have access to your school.
thank you
#32 - khalid - 01/10/2012 - 13:21
how would our body prevent you getting typhoid fever in the future?
#33 - luna - 02/08/2012 - 22:36
Sir, My Mom is diagnoised with mild typoid, she also has diabetes. Please suggest the best food for her.
#34 - Raaji - 02/18/2012 - 08:32
sir i have thyphoid since last 8 years i have mild fever nausea please witch aurved medicine i used pl tell me
#35 - heeralal rathod - 03/17/2012 - 01:47
what medicine should i buy to cure typhoid
#36 - Abdul Lateef - 03/17/2012 - 08:58
I have typhoid for past 15 days. The max temp was 101 degrees. On 9th day, the fever went off completely and on 11th day onwards, it comes only in afternoon. On 13th & 14th day, no fever. But now again on 15th day, I have about 100 degrees. I don't have any other symptoms or problems other than temperature. I am weak due to diet food. Please let me know when it will cure and if this is normal. I am afraid if my doctor is giving proper treatment.
#37 - vimal - 04/01/2012 - 07:29
I have been suffering from typhoid fever past one week, now it's cured but i have little bit illness and some time i'm getting joint pains.
#38 - Ananda - 05/05/2012 - 04:58
I have fever, body ache and headache since 4 days, fever is coming on and off max temperature is 102 and have giddinees as well due to slite high in BP. Doctor suggested me to take Paracetomol and antibiotic tables. Not yet taken blood or urine test. Kindly advice what should be further step to be taken since i am not yet recovered
#39 - Rani Chandru - 05/29/2012 - 06:25
my daughter is suffering from typhoid since last 5 days. she is running high temperature about 104.5 degrees daily. pl advice whether she should be admitted in the hospital?
#40 - lavanya joshi - 06/07/2012 - 13:58
my daughtr is suffering from Typhoid since last 4 days . I had got her checked from doctor and has adviced for some medicines. However she just 2 years plus age so unable to have medicine .even if she has but immediately vomits it back. Please suggest me what medicine to be given to her. Furthemore suggest some nutrition diet or food she should eat as she getting weak day by day....Roka
#41 - Rock - 09/18/2012 - 04:18
I am suffering from typhoid early stage and very happy to know the details given in your site for prevention and treatment . thank you
#42 - cr vishwakarma - 10/17/2012 - 01:58
Thanks

for the details given in your site for prevention and teratment
#43 - Syed Mansoor Ahmed - 01/18/2013 - 14:27
I AM 25 YEARS OLD AND I M SUFFERING FROM TYPHOID FROM LAST 2 MONTHS.MY LEG AND HANDS REMAINS IN PAIN WHOLE DAY AND SOMETIMES MY ENTIRE BODY GOES IN PAIN.SOME TIME I USE TO TAKE PAIN KILLERS BUT IT WORKS ONLY FOR FEW HOURS . SIR I REQUEST U TO PLZ SUGGEST ME FOR THE BETTER MEDICINE TO GET RID OF THIS PAINFULL DESEASE.PLZ SEND ME YOUR SUGESSTION ON MY EMAIL ID.....PRIYANKA_LOVELY786@YAHOO.COM
THANKS
#44 - UMESH - 08/03/2013 - 13:10
actually i got typhoid but i took injections and medicine completely for 10 days tat time i was fit after tat i started eating non veg and after two days i got cold and fever is this reaccurence of tyohoid or some other..
#45 - archana - 09/21/2013 - 23:18
my grandfather facing the same prblm for 3 months he is also diabetic patient and he is very sick right and he also facing urine infection in which proteins leak out from his body now we don't understand what to do as he has loss of appetite,loss of weight. Plz suggest me what to do bcauz dr. said that he will be sick for more couple of days his condition become more critical as day about to end. Sir plz snd me your suggestions so that we can do something else
My e-mail id-mansi.varshney@gmail.com
#46 - mansi - 09/30/2013 - 13:16
I m suffering from typhiod from last 2-3 years.. I have Almost all the given symptoms and i am in very bad condition.. Fever all the day and raises more in the evening... Sleeping problems.. Stomach pain, G[@], Constipation,headaches.. I really dont understand whats going around.. i am 19 years old and i feel 60... plzz help me
#47 - Junaid - 04/20/2014 - 09:12
I am suffering from typhoid since last 4yrs....temperature vary from 97 to 99...all test is ok...i feel fever,headche,vomiting,stomache pain etc always....suggest me
E-mail saketsinghania09@gmail.com
#48 - Saket - 05/07/2014 - 09:27
hi sir , i was suffering from thyphoid from 2 month in starting widal test was postive and s thypho was 1:160 and o thypho was 1:160 ...now my widal test is negative and now i feel all tyme weakness in hand and both feet ...and my tounge is become white and i feel headace ....and sorethroat all tyme ..so what i should do....
#49 - ankur - 05/16/2014 - 10:09
sir i have 1 question............................................
in ayurvadic medicine what type of medicine we use in typhoid can you answer me....
#50 - Ekta Malhotra - 05/19/2014 - 03:57
i got typhoid+malayria 3 months ago...i got fever exactly at 2 pm with temp shoot to 105'f svhivering cold for 2 hours then all is normal and again same thing day after tommorow..after 6 days it starts vomiting so i go to doctor he injected ciprofloxacin injection and repeatedly 2 per day for 3 days then same tb for 2 weeks which i eat 10 days and low symptoms are always occur stomach pain mainly also eat medic for stomach for month today it got again worsened i go for checkup today and again on ciprofloxacin becoz it never gone completely.....and in widal test remains positivefor almost 5 year....May ALLAH give health to all other suffering from typhoid
#51 - Bilal naseer - 06/06/2014 - 14:28
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