Constipation (Anaha)
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Anaha is a very common digestive problem. It is faced by many people all around the world on a regular basis. Everyone must have suffered from anaha at some points in their lives.

Definition of Constipation (Anaha)


Anaha or simple constipation is a condition in which the person is unable to eliminate feces in the normal manner. The feces in a constipated person could be hard, with an extremely offensive odor and even sticky. There could be pain during the elimination of the feces. If anaha continues, it can lead to more severe problems such as alsak (acute intestinal obstruction) or complicated or chronic constipation which is also known as obstipation.

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Causes of Constipation (Anaha)

Anaha can be caused by both a vitiation of the vata and the pittadoshas. Characteristics of vata and pitta caused anaha are given below:-

(i) Vata Constitution Anaha – Vata is wind. In anaha caused due to vata, there is too much wind in the body. The sub-dosha that controls the movement of the pelvis and thus the expulsion of the fecal matter from the body is apana vata. When anaha begins due to apana vatadosha, the bowels become dried up due to the presence of wind. This causes a difficulty in elimation of the bowels as there is no suitable lubrication. This is characterized by hard and compacted fecal matter.

(ii) Pitta Constitution Anaha Pitta is heat or fire. Due to the presence of too much heat in the colon, dryness is caused aggravating the condition of apana vata. In order to counter the excessive heat, the body may produce mucus or watery products leading to stickiness. Sometimes the mucus could be discharged in a large amount clogging the colon. The characteristic of pitta related anaha is mucusated or sticky fecal matter.

Changes in the vata and pittadoshas of the body can be caused by either one or more of the following factors:-

Diet low in fiber

Diet low in fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables

Too much hot, spicy and oily food



Medication such as diuretics and antibiotics

Food poisoning, especially lead poisoning

Less physical exercise

Sedentary lifestyle

Tensions and worries

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Symptoms of Constipation (Anaha)

Symptoms of Anaha and Chronic Constipation

The presence of anaha can be easily determined by the examination of fecal matter. The following are the early symptoms and warning signs of anaha:-

(i) In the first stage, there will be a difficulty in passing stool. The stool will be sticky or hard and will be difficult to eliminate.

(ii) As the anaha advances, the exertion on the anus could lead to fissures and hemorrhoids. This could cause bleeding along with the stools.

(iii) The abdomen could feel bloated and crampy. There could be a dull pain in the lower portion of the abdomen.

(iv) There are bowel sounds in the abdomen as well as when the stools are being passed out.

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Precautions to Take with Constipation (Anaha)

Anaha can be easily avoided if a person takes some precautions. The following steps will ensure that a person maintains a healthy constitution of the vata and pitta doshas so that anaha would be kept at bay:-

(i) There should be a good amount of cellulose containing foods like green leafy vegetables in the diet. This helps in providing roughage for the movement of bowels.

(ii) A heavy meal should be followed by digestive fruits such as plantains, oranges, bananas, apples, etc. This helps in quick digestion.

(iii) A glass of warm water must be had when the stomach begins to feel heavy, especially in the morning before visiting the toilet. This is helpful in chronic constipation relief

(iv) Dry fruits must be avoided by people with increased vata and pitta constitutions. Dry fruits increase the heat of the body and cause anaha. One way to have dry fruits is to soak them in water so as to cool them down.

(v) Avoid oily and spicy foods in the summer seasons. The outside heat will increase the pitta within the body causing anaha complications.

(vi) If you have doubts of getting constipated due to a heavy dinner, have a glassful of milk with two teaspoons of castor oil in it. This will help in eliminating proper stools in the morning.

(vii) Exercise is a must for people with regular anaha problems. Light exercise tightens the muscles of the abdomen and facilitates them to perform their tasks of digestion better.

(viii) Keeping yourself busy with your work and hobbies will relieve your mind of worries and tensions. This also aids in better digestion.

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Ayurvedic Treatment of Constipation (Anaha)

Constipation Relief

Ayurveda has a treasurehouse of herbs for the proper treatment of anaha or in constipation relief. These herbs can act both when the food is being taken in and when the feces have to be passed out. Different herbs with their actions on the human body are described in the table below:-

Ayurvedic Name of Herb

Biological Name of Herb

Common English Name of Herb



Withania somnifera

Indian Ginseng

Ashwagandha helps in mild digestive problems. It is a laxative.


Acacia nilotica

Indian Gum Arabic Tree

Babool helps to cure diarrhea and dystentry problems.


Aegle marmelos

Bael Tree

Bael is a digestive, anthelminthis and anti-inflammatory agent. It provides relief from amebic dysentery and diarrhea.


Cuminum cyminum


Jeera is one of the most widely-acting herbs against anaha. It corrects indigestion, diarrhea and flatulence. It is a good medicine againt abdominal and intestinal colic. It treats the inflammatory condition of bowls and thus reduces the pain while passing out constipated stools.


Capsicum annuum

Red Pepper

Katuvira is an excellent remedy for increased digestive fire caused by pitta and kapha dosha. It can produce a burning sensation which removes indigestion.


Aloe vera

Indian Aloe

Kumari has mild laxative properties.


Benincasa hispada

White Pumpkin

Kushmanda helps to remove constipation and improve bowel movements.


Citrus grandis


Mahanimbu is a mild laxative and digestive. It remedies problems of colic and worms. It helps the passing out of wind.


Anethum sowa

Indian Dill

Satahva is a good digestive and takes care of abdominal and intestinal colic problems.


Foeniculum vulgare


Seeds of fennel are excellent medicine for all problems of vata and pittadosha. They produce a cooling sensation within the abdomen which takes care of flatulence, dysentry, piles, abdominal colic, abdominal winds, offensive wind, piles, etc.


Acacia concinna


Shikakai is a mild laxative that helps in anaha.


Zingiber officinale


Ginger is used for all kinds of digestive problems like low appetite, indigestion, nausea, vomiting and constipation.


Acorus calamus

Sweet flag

Vacha is a traditionally used remedy for the treatment of habitual constipation and atonic dyspepsia.

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the most better site in the world but health. i got a enough knowledge about ahana. which iwas suffering from five years
#1 - ahsen mirza - 12/08/2008 - 00:24
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