Glossary
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Sadhaka pitta : One of the pitta dosha that controls the intellect.

Sadho jata : Period of newborn or neonate.

Sadhyasadhayata : Prognosis; outcome of a disease in terms of curable or incurable.

Sahadevi : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antipyretic.

Sahaja : By birth or congenital.

Sarapunkha :An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as hepato protective.

Saindhava lavana : The rock salt, one of the five salts. It is usually used in digestive system problems and also as carminative.

Sallaki : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as anti-inflammatory.

Saama : With or having ama or toxin.

Samashodana karma : The palliation therapy.

Samirpannaga rasa : The mineral preparation usually used in the treatment of paralysis and other neurological disorders.

Samprapti : The pathogenesis.

Samudra lavana : One of the five salts. It is usually used in digestive system ailments.

Samudraphena churana : An Ayurvedic powdered preparation usually used in the treatment of otitis media.

Samudraphena : The bone of cuttle-fish. It is laxative.

Sanchaya : An accumulation of the humour in diseased condition.

Sandhana : Process of Fermentation.

Sandhava namaka : The rock salt usually used in the treatment of constipation, flatulence and colic.

Sandhi : The joint; junction between two bones.

Sandhigata vata : The degenerative disorder of central and peripheral joints; common in old age usually resembles to Osteorthritis.

Sandra : Solid; one of the forty one gunas.

Sanga : The blockage.

Sanipatta jvara : The fever causually used by aggravation of vata, pitta and kapha.

Sanjivani vati : An Ayurvedic tablet usually used in the treatment of diarrhoea.

Sankhini : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as diaphoretic.

Sannirudhaguda : The rectal stricture.

Santatajvara : Continuous or remittent fever.

Sanyasa : State of unconsciousness usually resembles to coma.

Sapekshanidana : Differential diagonos.

Saptachakra : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antidiabetic.

Saptamrita lauha : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used in eye ailments.

Saptaparna : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antimalarial.

Sara : The property – mobile or movable; one of the forty one gunas.

Sarangadhara samhita : One of the scripture of Ayurvedic text complied by Sarangadhara.

Saraswata churna : An Ayurvedic powdered preparation usually used in the treatment of loss of memory.

Sariva : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as blood purifier.

Sarivadi quatha : Decoction usually used in treatment of kapha jvara.

Sarjikka kshara : An alkali preparation usually used in the treatment of cough and asthma.

Sarpgandha : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antihypertensive.

Sarpgandhaghana vati : An Ayurvedic tablet usually used in the treatment of hypertension.

Sarpi guda : Confection preparation usually used in the treatment of chronic rhinitis and bleeding diathesis.

Sarvangasundara rasa : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used in the treatment of fevers.

Sasharapa taila : An oil usually used in the treatment of tinnitus.

Sasharapa : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antihistaminic.

Satapattri : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as astringent and carminative.

Satapushpa : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as carminative.

Satata jvara : Double quotidian fever.

Sathollaya : An excess deposit of adipose tissue or fat in the body. Obesity.

Sathvaravisha : Poison derived from plant or mineral.

Sattva : Pure consciousness and bliss it is one of the great gunas among rajas and tamas.

Satva : An extract prepared from a natural drug. It is usually dry.

Sauvarchala lavana : Sonchal salt, one of the five salts. It is usually used in digestive system ailments.

Sauvira : Sulphide of lead. It is usually used in the treatment of leucoderma.

Seevana : Suturing.

Shabda : Hearing or listening; tool in examination of a disease.

Shadabindu taila : An Ayurvedic oil formula for nasal administration.

Shadadharana yoga : An Ayurvedic powdered formula usually used in treatment of flatulence.

Shadakiryakala : Study of six steps in disease progress.

Shadanga paniya : An Ayurvedic decoction usually used as cooling aid in fevers and thirst.

Shadaupkrama : Study of six steps in curing a disease.

Shadaushana : The combination of six spices – hot drugs namely Pipali (Piper longum), Pipali moola, Chavya (Piper chaba), Chitraka (Plumbago rosea), Sunthi (Zingiber officinale ) and Kali Maricha (Piper nigrum). It is usually used in digestive formulations.

Shaakha : The extremities.

Shakrarbuda : Sebaceous cyst; growth in sebaceous glands of the skin.

Shlakshna : The character of smooth; one of the forty one gunas.

Shalaparani : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as febrifuge.

Shalaka tantra : Study of diseases of ear, nose, and throat.

Shalipada : Filliariasis or elephantiasis; causually used by a worm infestation.

Shalkasthi : Metacarpal and metatarsal bone.

Shalmali : An Ayurvedic as astringent and demulcent.

Shalya tantra : Study of surgery.

Shalya : The foreign body.

Shambhunatha rasa : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used in treatment of complicated fevers.

Shambuka vati : An Ayurvedic tablet usually used in the treatment of abdominal colic.

Shambuka : The snail.

Shanka vati : An Ayurvedic tablet usually used in the treatment of abdominal pain.

Shankhasthi : The temporal bone.

Sharirakirya vigyana : The study of human physiology.

Sharirarachna vigyana : The study of human anatomy.

Shahastradhuota ghrita : The ghee processed thousand times in specific manner usually used for therapeutic use.

Shastra : Sharp instruments.

Shatavri : It is demulcent and galactagoue.

Shatavari ghrita : Medicated ghee of the drug shatavari usually used in seminal diseases and various pitta disorders.

Shatpatriadi churna : An Ayurvedic powdered formula usually used in the treatment of stomatitis and ulcers.

Shavacchedana : The dissection of the human body for study purpose.

Shvasa : The disease called Asthma; characterized with difficulty in breathing.

Shavasnaka jvara : The fever with dyspnoea urt Pneumonia.

Shayyamutra : Nocturnal enuresis.

Shelashemakala : The mucus membrane.

Shevta parpati : An Ayurvedic formula called parpati usually used in the treatment of urinary disease and fever.

Shilajeeta : The black bitumen or Mineral pitch. Widely usually used as tonic.

Shira : The vein, a blood vessel carrying impure blood.

Shirashoola : The headache.

Shirashoolavjara rasa : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used in the treatment of different types of headache.

Shirodhara : The continuous flow of warm oil or medicated liquied herb over forehead usually used in many mental disorders.

Shiroroga : Group of head diseases described in Ayurveda.

Shishna : The male genital organ - Penis.

Shita : The character of cold; one of the forty one gunas.

Shitakshaya : The formula developed by steeping drug in water or alcohol for specific period of time usually resembles to cold nfusion.

Shitapitta : One of the skin diseases usually resembles to urticaria.

Shitavirya : The drug having cold potency or cooling effect usually resembles to endothermic.

Shlesmaka kapha : One of the five kapha dosha present in synovial fluid and is believed to be nourishing joints.

Shobanjan : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antispasmodid and expectorant.

Shofa : The swelling or an edema.

Shosha : Condition in which there will be malabslorption of nutrition and hence body becomes extreme week usually resembles to marasmus.

Shothahara : The drug having anti-inflammatory action.

Shravana : Asuscultation.

Shringyadi churna : AH Powdered preparation usually used in the treatment of respiratory diseases.

Shukra : The reproductive fulid – Semen, one of the main and important dhatus.

Shukranu : The spermatozoa.

Shukti : The disease of an eye usually resembles to xeropthalmia.

Shunthi : An Ayurvedic herb ginger, which is usually used as digestive and carminative.

Shushkarsha : The polyp of conjunctiva.

Siddhapraneshvara rasa : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used of weakness, diarrhoea, malabsorption and duodenal ulcer.

Simnahada guggul : One of the guggulu preparation. It is herbo-mineral formula usually used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Sindura : The red oxide of lead. It is usually used in the treatment of healing of fractured bones and other musculo-skeletal disorders.

Sirajala : The scleral staphyloma in which there is a protrusion of sclera.

Siravedha : Cutting or piercing the vein usually resembles to vene-section.

Sirsiha : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antipoisionous.

Sisa : The lead. It is considered to be anti-obesity and bronchidilator if prepared in a specific way as medication.

Sitopladi churna : An Ayurvedic powdered formula, which is usually used in the treatment of dry cough and URTI.

Smritisagara rasa : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used in the treatment of loss of memory and mental disorders.

Snayu: The ligament.

Sneha . An adipose tissue - fats. This is also usually used to describe oleation (either internal or external)

Snehana : The oleation or lubricating therapy. It is one of the most important (purvakarma) procedure before applying panchkarma.

Snigdha : The property of oil, one of the forty one gunas.

Somaroga : The condition in which there is an excessive urination in women.

Sootashekera rasa : One of the famous Ayurvedic herbo-mineral formulas usually used in the treatment of gastritis and vomiting.

Sphatika bhasma : An ash prepared from ferrus sulphate usually used in the treatment of haemorrhage and bleeding disorders.

Srotas : The bodily channels or meridians.

Srotonjana : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used in the treatment of leucoderma.

Stambhana : The character of stopping something could be blood or something else.

Stanaroga : Diseases of the breast.

Stanyajanana : The drug having quality of improving lactation.

Stanyakala : The period of lactation.

Sthaniya : Localized or topical.

Sthoola : Bulky or giant; one of the forty one gunas.

Stihra : Stable or immobile; one of the forty one gunas.

Stribeeja : The reproductive egg in females – the ovum.

Strigoga vigyana : The gynecology; study of the science dealing with female reproductive system.

Suchi : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as antispasmodic, mydriatic and narcotic. The term is also usually used to described needle.

Sudarshana churana : One of the best preparation available for the treatment of fever and malaria.

Sugandhitriphala : A type of triphala, usually used in the treatment of bad breath in the mouth.

Sukshma : Subtle or minute; one of the forty one gunas.

Sushruta Samhita : One of the great scripture – an Ayurvedic treatise on surgery written by sage shushruta.

Sutika jvara : The fever related with pregnant women usually resembles to puerperal fever.

Sutika : The puerperium.

Suvarna : The gold. It is considered to be aphrodisiac and rejuvenating if prepared specially and as medicine.

Suvarnamakshika bhasma : An ash prepared from copper pyrite usually used in the treatment of pitta dosha and skin diseases.

Svarabheda : The hoarseness of the voice usually resembles to xenophonia.

Svarnakshiri : An inflammation of cornea usually resembles to ulcerative keratitis.

Svedajanana : The property of the drug that produces perspiration.

Svedana : The hot fomentation or Sudation.

Svetapradra : The condition in which there is discharge from the female genital tract; may be physiological or pathological usually resembles to leucorrhoea.

Svranashukla : The disease of an eye - corneal ulcer.

Swarasa : An essence or the succus; expressed juice of a fresh medicinal herb.

Swarna bhasma : An ash prepared out of gold usually used in the treatment of gonorrhoea and syphilis.

Swarna parpati : An Ayurvedic parpati preparation usually used in the treatment of malabsorption.

Swarna vanga : The mercury based formula usually used as tonic and memory enhancer.

Swasahara : The bronchodilator; drug producing dilation of the bronchi; usually used in the treatment of bronchial asthma and breathlessness.

Swasana tantra : Respiratory system.

Swashnaka jvara : Pneumonia; inflammation of the lungs.

Swasthvritta : The science that describes healthy living with hygiene.

Syonaka : An Ayurvedic herb that is usually used as anti-inflammatory and other vata dosha disorders.


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