Basic Rose Care
- Promote this Page

Roses are the one of the common types of flower. Yet, a garden looks incomplete without them. Not only are they beautiful but with a little planning these can easily be classified as low-maintenance flowers. Rose care basically involves spring pruning, fertilizing, watering and protecting them from winter, in the colder zones.

Spring Pruning

Pruning should be done when growth begins, usually when forsythia shrubs are in bloom. New roses should be cut back to three canes, 4 to 6 inches long. Cut the dead or the diseased shoots of the established roses to ground level. Remove any crossing shoots, leaving just 3 to 6 healthy canes, and cut these back to live wood. Use sharp shears to make cuts about 1\4 inch above an outward facing bud.

Rose Care During The Growing Season

Fertilizers

Roses have a great appetite and they thrive on organic fertilizers. Fish emulsions, a few shovels of finished compost or well-rotted manure are good organic sources.

Give the first feeding early in the spring, as soon as the leaf buds begin to swell. The second one should come before the peak of bloom in June and the third one in mid-July, but no later.

Watering

Artificial watering may be required if summer rainfall is inadequate. Each rose bush needs about 2 gallons of water at least once a week. Make sure that you avoid wetting the foliage, to prevent fungal diseases.

Cultivation is necessary in summers to eliminate weeds and to keep soil loose.

Mulching reduces moisture evaporation. Apply the mulches 2 or 3 weeks before the roses come into bloom.

Diseases such as black spots, mildew and blight and insects like red spider, aphids and thrips trouble the rose plant. Regular dusting and use of chemicals that control fungal diseases and chewing and sucking insects are some practical and easy rose care methods.

Rose Care During Winters

Cut back the canes to about three feet in height and clean up the dead leaves close to the start of winters. Shelter the plant with a thick cloth or any other leafy braches during winters when the ground is frozen. Winter mulching with straw, peat moss or other material will help regulate the soil temperature and temper the effects of freezing and thawing.