Hosta Plants
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Hosta Plants are herbaceous perennial plant type. Their varieties are divided by their leaf-color and shapes. The foliage can be blue, green, golden (yellow) or even multi-colored. To top it all its shape can be elongated (sword like) or rounded (heart shaped). These leaves may be flat or concave; their surface may be smooth or bubbled. Hostas produce flowers as well, and these too vary in size and color.

Hosta plants are mostly grown in shade, since the color of their leaves tends to fade in sunlight. The only exception is the gold-leaf hosta which needs quite a bit of sun to attain its maximal color.

Hosta Plant Varieties

Hostas with Green Leaves should be grown in partial to full shade. The only exception is Hosta ‘Plantaginea’, which bears highly fragrant white flowers if the plant is grown in sufficient sunlight. These bloom in late summer.

Hostas with Gold (Yellow) Leaves have to be planted in full sun to bring out their true gold color. They flower in summers.

Hostas with Blue Leaves should be grown in nearly full shade. The Hosta ‘Blue Moon’ has heart-shaped leaves that are bluish-green in color and bears white flowers. Hosta ‘Halcyon’ bears lilac blue flowers.

Hostas with Variegated Leaves are also grown in partial to full shade. In the ‘medio variegated’ variety lighter color appears in the centre of the leaf and in the ‘marginally variegated’ hostas lighter color occurs on the edges of the foliage.

Maintaining Hosta Plants

These perennials are not very sensitive and therefore, are low-maintenance plants. However, a little care is important.

  • Hostas require a lot of water, along with good drainage so the water does not stand.
  • Fertilize your hostas with around 10-10-10 (NPK number) three to four times a year.
  • After the blooming season, cut off the stalk that bears the bloom. This is to prevent the nourishment from flowing to the seed pods instead of the crowns of the hostas.
  • Remove the foliage that dries else it will fall off and mix with the soil, inviting slug pests.
  • To protect your hostas you must practice deer, wild rabbit, mouse and vole, and slug controls.
  • You can control slugs by placing a bowl containing beer in the planting bed of hostas at night. The slugs will be drawn by the smell and will drown when they climb the bowl.