Pigmentation of the skin is a common problem encountered by many. Pigmentation of the skin results in the appearance of brown spots on certain areas resulting in the complexion looking botchy and uneven. Skin pigmentation when occurring on the face can mar your appearance and lead to low self-esteem and depression.
Depending on the cause, severity and location of the pigmentation there are varied methods to treat it. Hyper-pigmentation as it is called is caused due to the over-production of melanin which results in brown or dark patches on the skin. There are numerous causes for hyper-pigmentation of the skin and most of them are either due to hormonal imbalance or over exposure to sunlight.
Injury to skin may also cause patches and spots. This article is a detailed guide on the causes of hyper-pigmentation and how best to prevent and treat it. This article will tell you effective home remedies using all natural ingredients which can help treat pigmentation.
The article also discusses other cosmetic methods which can be used to treat hyper-pigmentation of the skin. Read on to find out useful tips on how best to deal with this annoying skin problem.
Know the Causes of Skin Pigmentation and the Best Ways to prevent it
The primary cause of hyper-pigmentation is the over production of melanin stimulated by hormonal changes or over-exposure to sun-light. When the skin tissues get repeatedly exposed to the harsh sun rays, melanin gets produced to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun.
Prolonged exposure to sunlight will cause melanin to be produced in large amounts resulting in pigmentation. Hence, one of the best ways to protect your skin from hyper-pigmentation is to apply a sun-screen every time you step out in the sun. Ensure the sun-screen cream you are using has the prescribed SPF protection factor. Following this religiously will almost certainly help prevent pigmentation due to exposure to sunlight.
Pigmentation can also be caused by fluctuating hormone levels and is a common occurrence during pregnancy. Some birth control pills can also cause hormonal imbalance resulting in pigmentation. If you experience pigmentation during pregnancy, you can be rest assured that the dark patches on your skin will disappear once you give birth.
Though this may take a couple of weeks after delivery, the pigmentation should go away on its own once your hormones stabilize after delivery. If you feel that the birth control pill you are taking is leading to pigmentation, consult your gynecologist and opt for another brand of these pills.
Sometimes dry skin also causes the complexion to look patchy and mottled since less oil secreted by the skin tissues can make your skin look rough and leathery. Pigmentation caused by dry skin is easy to treat as it requires a simple moisturizer and a good skin care regime.
Healthy diet and Good Rest can Help Reduce Pigmentation
Our skin needs proteins and vitamins to keep itself healthy. A diet rich in proteins will help the skin cells repair and rejuvenate themselves resulting in youthful looking complexion. Vitamins and anti-oxidants found in veggies and fruits can help pigmentation too. Vitamins such A and C are known to promote healthy skin.
Hence, ensure you consume a diet rich in fruits, veggies, proteins and whole grains. Our skin needs water to remain hydrated and supple. Drink at least 10 glasses of water daily to ensure your skin remains well-hydrated. This will reduce pigmentation resulting from dry skin and will help you achieve an even skin tone.
A good night’s sleep is important for your skin to look fresh and youthful. Lack of sleep and increased stress can make you look weary and tired and can enhance any brown patches. Hence, ensure you take good rest so that your skin does not look dull, tired or patchy.
Follow a Good Skin Care Regime and Exfoliate Regularly to Attain an Even tone for your Skin
Healthy skin requires good care on a daily basis. Hence it is important that you follow a good skin care regime. Ensure you wash your face twice daily with a mild cleanser. Follow it up with a nourishing moisturizer. Exfoliation is an important part of a skin-care routine. Exfoliating regularly is particularly important for those with a problem of pigmentation.
Exfoliation can help you get rid of the dead cells and make your complexion fresh and even-toned. There are numerous exfoliating creams available in the market which are effective in cleansing and exfoliating. Opt for exfoliating creams that have natural active ingredients such as walnuts, apricots, etc as these will greatly benefit your skin and will have no side effects.
You can also make your exfoliating solution at home using all natural ingredients. Oatmeal is an effective exfoliant that also nourishes the skin. Mix oatmeal with honey to obtain a paste and then gently massage this paste all over face and neck in circular motions. Wash with lukewarm water and then apply a nourishing moisturizer.
Crushed almonds or walnuts when mixed with honey or mashed banana also make for excellent exfoliating agents. These natural ingredients will not only help get rid of dead skin cells, but will also rejuvenate your complexion and add a natural glow.
Natural Remedies to Fix Skin Pigmentation
Moderate pigmentation problems leading to uneven skin tone can be treated using natural face masks. Yoghurt is an effective natural bleaching agent. Make a face mask combining yoghurt with 2 spoons fresh lemon juice and little honey. Apply on face and neck and leave it on for 10-15 minutes before washing it off. All ingredients used in this natural face mask have effective bleaching properties and can help you achieve an even skin tone.
Freshly tomato juice when applied on the face and neck also serves as an effective bleaching agent resulting in the skin looking bright and even-toned.
Opt for Cosmetic Procedures as the Last Resort to Solve Pigmentation
There are various expensive cosmetic methods available that can solve pigmentation problems. However, many of them can be harsh on the skin and may result in long-term side effects. Techniques such as Microdermabrasion which involves sanding off the top layer of the skin to promote the growth of healthy skin cells is an extremely expensive technique which can be effective in treating pigmentation.
Chemical peels and creams to fix skin discoloration are other popular techniques used to treat patchy skin. These cosmetic procedures should never be done without the advice and supervision of a certified cosmetologist.