Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted during coughing and sneezing.It is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis and sometimes other variants of Mycobacterium. It usually involves the lungs, but other organs of the body can also be involved.
During the 19th century, up to 25 per cent of deaths in Europe were caused by this disease. The death rate started to fall as living standards improved in the starting of the 20th century, and from the 1940s, effective medicines were developed. The disease is more common in areas of the world where poverty, malnutrition, poor general health and social disruption are present.
Some people having symptoms of tuberculosis even a long time before having disease but in some cases symptoms never develop in the affected person. People infected with tuberculosis disease may experience any of the following signs and symptoms:
A person having cough lasting from three and more weeks and also it may produce discolored sputum.
Person who is infected with tuberculosis faces a frequent or unintended loss in weight.
Person having fever most of the time who is caught by tuberculosis.
A tuberculosis infected people feels night sweating.
Tiredness and weakness are some of the common symptoms of tuberculosis.
If the infection in lungs reaches to the worst position it may result to pain in chest, back and kidneys.
Difficulty in breathing or shortness in breathe is also an important and main symptom of tuberculosis.
Sudden feeling of chills can be occurring if you are facing the problem of tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis also can target almost any part of your body, including your joints, bones, urinary tract, central nervous system, muscles, bone marrow and lymphatic system.
It depends which part of body is affected by TB, when TB occurs outside your lungs, signs and symptoms vary, depending on the organs involved. For example, tuberculosis of the spine may result in back pain, and if tuberculosis affects your kidneys might cause blood in your urine. Tuberculosis can also spread through your entire body, simultaneously attacking many organ systems.