Seborrheic dermatitis, also known as seborrhea, is chronic inflammatory skin disease, affecting different areas of skin, mostly the face, scalp and the torso. This skin ailment is characterized by red, flaky, itchy and inflamed skin, mostly around areas with excessive sebaceous secretions. This skin disorder is the second most common skin ailment after acne vulgaris, making it a major cause of concern. Also, this disease is incurable, however, there do exist many treatments to reduce the severity of the symptoms. Listed below are a few of them.
How to Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis
Cleanliness plays an important part in warding away many illnesses. Hence, most physicians would recommend an anti-fungal soap and/or shampoo to be used almost every day to ensure that the affected area is clean and free from all potential infectious agents.
Some special shampoos do contain anti-histamines to reduce itching and inflammation.
In most of the cases, seborrhea dermatitis arises due to fungal infections. Anti-fungal creams can prove to be effective in such cases. For the skin on the face and torso, apply antifungal creams containing salicylic acid, selenium disulfide, betadine, clotrimazole, sulfur, climbazole etc. For areas on the scalp, gently massage the anti-fungal cream and wash off after 15 minutes.
Prescription drugs like ciclopiroxolamine, Itraconazole, sodium sulfacetamide, terbinafine and Fluconazole and antihistamines like diphenylhydramine, fexofenadine, chlorpheniramine and loratadine have been usually prescribed for those suffering from this skin disorder who have not experienced any benefit from other treatments.
The use of UVA and UVB laser or red and blue LED light to reduce and stop the growth of fungus that may have been the cause of seborrheic dermatitis is now an option available to many. This cosmetic therapy is expected to be widely used in the future.
Vitamins and minerals play an important role in maintaining the elasticity and firmness of the skin. They also play a vital role in skin healing. That’s why a lot of practitioners often suggest supplements to help calm down the inflammation and speed up the healing process. Vitamins B6, B12, B2, B7, B3, Lactoferrin and Zinc are essential micronutrients that help reduce flakiness of skin, and promote healing.
Natural treatments are often the best and most effective ways to treat skin ailments. Herbal and natural medicine practitioners use coconut oil, tea tree oil, oregano oil (all in diluted forms) topically on the affected area, with positive results. Avocado extracts also visibly reduce inflammation. Honey and aloe vera applied topically on the affected areas for 4 weeks can reduce the patchiness and redness of the skin.
Diet does play a major role in maintaining your skin texture and health. What you eat is often visible by your skin health. That’s why it’s important to keep your diet in check, and stay away from foods that could aggravate the condition.
Studies claim that a diet rich in fresh fruits and raw vegetables can help reduce the severity of seborrheic dermatitis to a visible extent. It has been proved that there exists a relationship between seborrheic dermatitis and yeast infections. Cutting down on your sugar intake can also help to reduce the visibility of patches and skin redness.