Fistula is a medical condition that affects many people. A person is said to have a fistula when there is an abnormal connection formed between two separate surfaces of the body. These surfaces are not normally connected to each other.
The connection can be in the form of a small path or tunnel. A fistula can form on any part of the human body but the most common areas are the anus and the vagina (in case of women).
An anal fistula is when a path is formed between the rectal region and the skin outside. A vaginal fistula is when the vagina and the rectal region get connected internally through a path.
A fistula can occur due to a variety of reasons. An anal fistula is usually formed when there is an infectious growth inside the anus or rectum. A vaginal fistula is mostly seen in women after delivery (due to vaginal tears and cuts during birth of the baby).
People who have immunity disorders or compromised immunity are also prone to having this problem.Once diagnosed, fistulae can easily be treated through specific treatment.
Your physician will probably opt for a surgical procedure to close the connecting pathway. This is usually accompanied by a course of strong antibiotic medication to help speed up the healing process. Here is a list that will help you recognize the most common signs and symptoms of fistulae.
Top 8 Symptoms Of Fistulas
Irritation Around The Affected Area
This is the first sign that a person notices. There may be itching or swelling around the anal or vaginal region. You may also feel a constant discomfort that does not allow you to perform normal activities like walking and sitting.
Pain And Discomfort
There may be a lot of pain in the perineum and anus. You may feel this more while passing stool or urinating. You could also find the act of sneezing and coughing painful because of the extra pressure on the pelvis.
Discharge From The Region
When the problem gets more pronounced, you might notice the presence of traces of blood and pus in the stool. People affected by fistulae may also have a little discharge of pus in their clothes.
There is usually a strong burning sensation in the anus or vagina especially during the routine ablutions. This symptom can sometimes be mistaken for that of urinary tract infection as well.
Increase In Urination
For no particular reason, fistula can cause a person to feel the urge to urinate more frequently than usual. This can happen even when the bladder is empty.
High Body Temperature
Your average body temperature may also rise above normal. This may or may not result in actual fever. But the fever will increase if the infection becomes more serious. This is usually followed by shivering and the patient may experience chills.
The problem can create issues like nausea and vomiting as well. The patient also suffers from a sudden lack of appetite. There is a general feeling of uneasiness and discomfort.
The infection in the fistula can also play havoc with your stomach and digestive system.This can lead to severe diarrhea and dehydration.
Photo Credit: http://www.articulosgratis.com.mx/2011/10/25/%C2%BFes-el-quiste-ovarico-peligroso-durante-el-embarazo/
Photo Credit: http://www.elsol.com.bo/index.php?c=&articulo=Adios-a-los-calculos-renales&cat=153&pla=3&id_articulo=20146