One of the most painful and common disorders of the urinary tract, Kidney stones medically known as renal calculi, are formed when certain objects like salt and minerals concentrate to become solid objects inside the kidneys or uterus which are too large to be passed through urine. Substance like calcium oxalate, ammonium phosphate, uric acid and others crystallize to form a hard mineral deposit which is termed as Kidney stone. People with the problem of kidney stones often display symptoms of sudden cramping pain in their sides, groin or abdomen, nausea, vomiting and even blood in urine in some cases.
Kidney stones form when there is a decrease in urine volume or an excess of stone-forming substances in the urine. It can be caused by various factors like reduced water intake, family history of kidney stones, recurring urinary tract infections, excess intake of vitamin C and D and eating a diet high in fat, salt or green vegetables amongst other possible reasons. Dehydration through reduced fluid intake increases the risk of kidney stones. Most stones pass by their own via urine by ample drinking of water. For those which do not pass, medical treatments and surgical procedures are available.
It is rightly said that prevention is better than cure and one should take some precautions and preventive measures to reduce the risk of kidney stones. For that one should bring about some life-style changes which include drinking 8 to 13 glasses of water a day, limiting salt intake and intake of calcium and oxalate based foods along with limiting one’s alcohol consumption. Water is one of the simplest and effective ways of staying away from this problem as water helps in flushing away the substances that might form stones in the kidney. Thus, by following certain lifestyle changes, one can ensure a happy and a healthy life.