The exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown. Symptoms of endometriosis include painful menstrual cramps, pain during or after sex, fatigue, infertility, spotting, diarrhea, constipation, nausea and chronic pain in the lower back. If you have endometriosis then you should visit your health care provider as fast as possible to start your treatment early.
Causes Of Endometriosis
Various theories have been proposed in order to explain the causes of endometriosis. Examples of such theories are retrograde menstruation, immune system malfunction and genetic factors.
In retrograde menstruation, menstrual fluid flows backwards from the uterus into the fallopian tubes. Due to the open ends of the fallopian tubes, menstrual fluid sometimes flows into the pelvic cavity. This favors the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.
Immune System Malfunction
Many studies speak of immune system malfunction in which a woman’s immune system favors endometriosis by encouraging the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.
Genetic factors have been found to play a key role in the development of endometriosis.
Impact Of Endometriosis On Women
The endometrium is an inner layer of uterine tissue which breaks down during menstrual cycle. Sometimes, endometrial tissue develops outside the uterus usually within the pelvic region that leads to endometriosis.
However, development of endometrial tissue can also take place within the abdominal cavity. Endometriosis is greatly affected by fluctuations in hormone levels. You may experience inflammation and pain due to endometriosis. Many women suffer from fertility problems because of endometriosis.
Are There Any Risk Factors For Endometriosis?
Yes, there are risk factors for endometriosis such as allergies, obesity and toxins. If you are obese then you need to make efforts to reduce your weight to prevent endometriosis. Toxins such as dioxins contribute to the development of endometriosis.
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If you have allergies, hay fever or eczema then you are at greater risk for endometriosis. You may also suffer from endometriosis if you are experiencing painful periods, short menstrual cycles and long periods. In such a case, it would be good if you report your condition to your health care provider.
Is There A Way To Reduce Endometriosis Risk?
Yes, definitely. You should start doing exercise as it will help reduce endometriosis risk. Besides this, you can start taking contraceptive pill but only after consulting with your health care provider.
How Is Endometriosis Diagnosed?
Your health care provider will ask you about your family medical history, menstruation activities and health status to diagnose this condition effectively. Tests to detect endometriosis include ultrasounds, CT (computerized tomography) scan and magnetic resonance image tests. However, confirmation of endometriosis is done through laparoscopy.
Treatment For Endometriosis
Medicines and surgery are generally used to treat endometriosis. NSAID’s or anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are effective in reducing pain. Birth control pills are also used to reduce pain. Hormone therapies like gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue therapy, progestins and danazol are used to reduce pain.
Surgical treatments such as hysterectomy, oophorectomy, laparoscopy and laparotomy are used to treat endometriosis. Laparoscopy is used to remove scar tissue and implants. In hysterectomy, uterus is removed to relieve severe pain. In oophorectomy, ovaries are removed to relieve severe pain.
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