Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a cancer of the large intestine which is the lower part of the digestive system. This type of cancer is not contagious and there are certain people who are more likely to develop colon cancer than others. This is dependent on certain factors and factors which increases a person’s risk for such kind of cancer includes high fat intake, family history of colon cancer, presence of polyps in the large intestine or an already existing or past breast cancer or ovarian cancer. Tumors of the colon and rectum are growths which arise from the inner wall of the large intestine. They start as harmless benign tumors and if not treated on time, they can turn into threatening malignant cancer.
People with colon cancer can experience various symptoms including change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding or stool in blood, abdominal discomfort like cramps and gas, weakness, fatigue and even unexplained weight loss. Obesity, cigarette smoking and even diet can prove to be a cause for the rising number of people being affected by this cancer.
The best way to deal with this problem is to get it detected and treated before it spreads and expands to dangerous levels. Even in cases where cancer gets already developed, early detection significantly improves the chances of cure through surgery. One of the most important screening tests for the detection of colon cancer includes the stool occult blood test. There are further evaluations like barium enema x-rays, colonoscopies, and others. Apart from surgeries, alternate therapies like chemotherapy and radiations can also help to cure this problem. In addition, people can also prevent this sort of cancer by bringing about a change in their lifestyle and dietary habits. It has been found that reducing fat intake and increasing fiber in one’s diet can play a significant part in preventing colon cancer. One should thus try to change one’s dietary habits to keep oneself healthy along with going in for regular check-ups to ward off any sign of any disease.