Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

All kind of carbohydrates basically consists of sugars. These sugars may be of different types but during metabolism all kind of sugars or carbohydrates are converted to glucose. Glucose is the simplest energy form utilized by our body. Glucose is the major form of sugar present in most of the foods. Some foodstuffs may contain different sugars. For example, fructose is present in fruits. Lactose in milk is another form of sugar and galactose etc. These sugars are metabolized and converted to glucose to be readily utilized by the body. Some carbohydrates are indigestible such as cellulose.

Complex carbohydrates are bonded sugars and they bonded together to form a chain. Digestive enzymes put in more efforts to release energy by breaking the chain of complex carbohydrates into simpler forms for absorption by the intestines. As a result, complex carbohydrates take longer time to digest. The sluggish absorption gives us with a stable energy and restricts the concentration of sugar transformation to fat. Simple carbohydrates such as glucose, fructose and galactose are monosaccharides or disaccharides. Simple carbohydrates are digested rapidly because of less bonding between the molecules.



Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy for our body. These are so important for us as the energy can be released quickly and fulfill instant requirement of the body. The carbohydrates do not need oxygen to burn.  It releases energy for all the muscular contractions carried out during the exercises, workout and other energy requiring chores of daily lives.  So, the carbohydrate consumption is essential for regular body requirements.  A meal comprising of only carbohydrates causes us to be relatively hungry as the glucose level rises and then falls down only after some time. This results in feeling weary, hungry, and weakness in the body. So a healthy eating should be combination of proteins, carbohydrates as well as vitamins and minerals to provide sufficient nutrition. .



editor