The scientific name of chives is (Allium schoenoprasum), they bloom in May and June. The pretty lavender-pink globular flower heads of chives not only beautify the garden, but they can also be used as a garnish for salad dishes. Chives are also beneficial to rose bushes, since they emit an odor which discourages aphids.
Chives are very famous amongst the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. Chives have a very strong odor that is due to a variety of sulfur compounds, like alkyl sulfoxides and allyl sulfides. They are reported to have beneficial effects on the circulatory, digestive and respiratory systems.
Chives are part of a large type of species which mostly belong to strong-smelling perennials that contain bulbs or underground stems. These Allium herbs include garlic, onions, scallions, leeks, and chives, and belong to the lily family. Various Allium species are cultivated since earliest times and are universally used as vegetables, flavorings, and medicinal plants.
Chives are widely used in stews and soups, especially potato and asparagus soups. The chopped leaves can be sprinkled in salads or used to flavor various sauces, dips, soy mayonnaise, and sour cream. Chives can also be used to garnish cottage cheese, and potatoes.
The health benefits of Chives are that they rich in vitamin C and A .They are also rich in essential minerals such as potassium, calcium, folic acid. They are allegedly mildly antibiotic. Chives when chopped and sprinkled on food are said to abet digestion and stimulate appetite.
The best health benefit of chives is that it reduces the risk of several types of cancers. The organosulfur compounds they contain slow down the growth of tumor and cell proliferation, and arrest the cell cycle in tumor cells. Allium vegetables, including chives, especially have a protective effect against both esophageal and stomach cancer as well as prostate cancer. The highest antioxidant activity in chives is observed in the leaves, which are also rich in flavonoids.