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Pompholyx can be defined as a type of eczema; it is featured initially by an eruption of very itchy vesicles onto the sides of any finger and palm of the hands and occasionally onto any of the sole of the foot and toe. In other words, this appears as intensely itching vesicle onto the hand, finger and sole of the foot. The vesicles those contain clear fluids, usually subside without getting ruptured, although in some cases they may become tensed, burst and start discharging. So there is a formation of multiple denser vesicle and blister. As the vesicle and blister settle, they might cause scaling of the skin. It is generally accompanied with pruritus, burning sensations and/or hyperhidrosis. Pompholyx is generally observed in young people, but it might occur to the people at any age group. Pompholyx can affect people of all races. Individuals between the ages of 20s to 40s are more affected generally by the disease. It occurs somewhat more frequently in women than in men. Pompholyx often comes along on the hands and/or the foot. The symptoms of Pompholyx are peeling and tiny blisters beginning to appear. In the later levels, the skin can become cracked and crusted over.

Pompholyx is quite common type of skin disorder but is equally dangerous too. Dyshidrotic dermatitis (another name of pompholyx) is a kind of hand eczema more commonly seen in women that starts on the sides of the fingers as itching little bump and then develop into rashes. The condition might also affect only one foot too. It is also called as dyshidrotic eczemas or vesicular eczemas. Pompholyx is general in infants and small children (affecting about 1in 7), but it generally clears off before they reach adulthood. The name pompholyx is derived from the Greek word for bubble that accurately narrates this disorder. The condition is harder to treat since the peculiarities of the affected skin, that is to say, the thick layers and richness of sweating glands.

Causes of Pompholyx

Many people with Atopic dermatitis also suffer from dyshidrotic dermatitis that might mean that dyshidrotic dermatitis is quite a kind of Atopic dermatitis onto the hands and feet. The main causes are as follow –

People having dyshidrotic dermatitis are genetically inclined to it.

Dyshidrotic dermatitis often comes out during the time of stress.

Small fluid filled blisters known as vesicles appear onto the hands and feet. They are very common along the edges of any of the finger, toe, palm and sole.

Pompholyx infection with staphylococcal bacteria is also quite frequent. That then results in pain, redness, inflammation and crusting or pustules.

Emotional stress might make dyshidrotic dermatitis bad, but does not cause it.

The vesicle produces intense itching. Scratching would lead to skin changes with thickening. Scratching might also lead to some secondary infection.

The later and more chronic stages show more peeling, cracking, and crusting of the skin.

Symptoms of Pompholyx

Pompholyx can appear in any type of breed secondary to some other skin ailments, but the inherited chiefly form is observed almost exclusively in the badger dog. The name pompholyx is derived from the Greek word for bubble that typically describes this condition as said earlier. Furthermore, as described earlier, the vesicles tend for erupting on the sides of the finger and palm, and often on the dorsal aspect of the distal finger, where the skin is anatomically like that of the palm (since there is absence of hair follicle). Tiny blisters (known as vesicles) deep into the skin that look like sago grain or frog-spawn is linked with itching and a burning sensation.

The treatment of Pompholyx:

There are the useful points to be remembered for the treatment of the disease

Skin protection comes as most important part of its cure.

One should protect the hands from direct contact with chemically made soap, detergent, scouring powder, or any sort of similar irritating chemicals. This is done to wear waterproof (preferably cotton lined) gloves.

Wear such waterproof gloves during peeling and squeezing lemon, orange or grapefruits, peeling potato, and handling tomato.

One should wear heavy duty gloves while doing heavy works and gardening. Also go for cotton gloves while doing dry housework.

If one has a dishwasher, using it regularly is beneficial to save hands. If not, let any of the members of the family do those dishes. One should do the laundry by machines, not by hands.

Sufferer should avoid direct contacts with turpentine, paint thinners and paint. Also avoid touching polish for furniture, metals, floor, and even footwear. While using them, again, wear heavy duty gloves since they contain irritating solvent.

While washing the hands, use lukewarm water and little amount of milder soap preferably herbal. Rinse the soap off cautiously and dry them gently. All toilet bars made up of chemicals are irritating.

Finger rings might worsen dermatitis since they trap irritating materials underneath them. Remove the rings while doing housework and before washing the hands.

While being at outdoors, in cold or windy weathers, wear unlined leathery gloves for protecting the hands from drying and chapping.