Hair Loss Treatment for Children
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Hair loss in children is in reality not very common; nevertheless it is significant enough that about 2 million children have been suffering from at least one kind of Alopecia (hair loss) or another in the US alone.

The good news is that at least 60 per cent of children suffering from Alopecia will grow faster than the condition without requirement for treatment. As with all types of Alopecia, a change and complete refurbishment of hair takes time - sometimes above a year or even more, but for the majority of children, it would spontaneously answer. On the other hand, the bad news is that 40 per cent will not have such luck that can be quite troublesome for both; the parents and the children affected by this condition frequently feel cosmetically abashing situation.

One should keep in mind: hair loss in children is generally not because of vitamin deficiencies (unless severe malnourishment is the case), poor scalp circulations, hair-bands, hats, or chilly weather. The majority of the children affected by hair loss do so due to some particular reasons. Any kind of such loss is to be diagnosed by a pediatrician or by some dermatologist.

Here are few of the common hair loss in children

Tinea capitis in children

This is the most common cause for hair loss in kids. It is a condition caused because of superficial fungal infections of the skins of the scalp, eyebrow, and eyelash, with a tendency of attacking each hair shaft and follicle. The condition is considered to be a form of trivial mycosis or dermatophytosis.

Several other labels are used when to refer this infection, including ringworms of the scalp and Tinea tonsurans. In the United States and other regions of the world, the cases of Tinea capitis have been increasing. Children with this generally have patchy hair loss with some broken-out hair noticeable just above the surface of the scalp. The patch of hair loss is generally round or oval, but many times irregular. Sometimes one can notice gray flakes or scales.

Diagnosing condition: The best way for a doctor diagnosing any type of fungal infection of the skin is by scraping the area, and to look at the specimen under a microscope for checking if any contain fungus.

The cure: Tinea capitis is generally treated with some antifungal drug like Griseofulvin that is taken by mouth for about 1-2 months.

Any injury to hair shafts in children

This is another common factor to make hair loss in kids. Often the trauma is because of tractions (constantly worn tight hair-braids, ponytails, etc.) or by frictions (such as rubbing against some bedspreads or wheelchair, for instance). Chemicals burn is another causative factor too.

Another misinterpreted cause of traumatic hair loss is known as Trichotillomania, a habit of twirling or plucking-up body’s own hair. Trichotillomania is considered to be an obsessive-compulsive disorder, which can be extremely difficult to treat, since the patient generally feels obliged to pluck their own hair. The hair loss would be patchy, and marked with broken hair of varying lengths. Within the patches, hair loss are not completed. Some kids with Trichotillomania also have trichophagy, which is a habit of eating the hair they pluck and kids with this habit, develop abdominal masses comprising of balls of undigested hair into their intestines.

Diagnosing the condition: This is generally self evident. The patient's parent complain of obsessive hair’ pulling.

Cure for the condition: Hair pulling is generally treated with cognitive/behavioral therapies or relaxation methods that can be very effective. As long as the hair injuries were not severe or chronic enough for causing scarring, the hair will re-grow when the trauma is no more.

Telogen effluvium in children

Telogen effluvium is some other common factor that brings hair loss in children. To understand Telogen effluvium, one should understand the normal-life-cycle of hair. Any individual hair follicle would have a long growth stage, developing steadily growing hair for over 2-6 year (making it on an average 3 year).

This is complied by some brief transitional stage (about 3 week) when the hair follicles degenerate. This, in turn, is complied by a resting stage (about 3 months) when the hair follicles lie dormant. The last phase is known as Telogen phase. Once this has come out, the growth stage starts again -- new hair start growing and pushing out the old hair’ shafts and the entire cycle repeats. For most of the people, 80-90 per cent of the follicles are in the growing phase, about 3 per cent are in the brief transition stage, and generally less than 10 per cent are in the Telogen stage. Each day about 50-100 hair are shed and replaced by newer hair.

A child with Telogen effluvium, nevertheless, is a victim of something that happens to interrupt that normal life-cycle and to make many or all of the hair stuck to the Telogen stage. After several weeks, partial or complete baldness come out. The causes include very high fever, surgeries under general anesthesia, overdose of vitamin A, severe and prolonged emotional distress such as demise of any loved one, severe injury, and the use of some prescription medicines like Accutane for acne.

Diagnosing the condition: There are no conclusive diagnostic methods to accurately confirm Telogen effluvium.

Remedy for this condition: Once a stressful event is over, full hair growth generally begins between 6 months to one year. No other treatments are generally advised.