Basics of Ayurveda
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It is the one of the most premier dosha that is responsible for major physiological actions in the body. It is not an organ that can be seen in the body but it is a presumed physiological character in the body that is responsible for the movements of other dosha i.e pitta and Kapha. It is composed of Vayu mahabhoot.

  1. Characteristics of vata
  2. Properties of vata
  3. Location of vata
  4. Types of vata

Characteristics of Vata

  1. People are highly innovative and imaginative
  2. These people are quick learners
  3. They have fluctuative moods
  4. Have good reflexes
  5. They have irregular daily routine
  6. These people are confident and enthusiastic
  7. These people are generally lean and slender body.
  8. these people are physically under developed
  9. Veins and tendons are easily visible through the skin.
  10. They have generally dark complexion.
  11. Their skin is dry and scaly
  12. Their eyes are generally sunken.
  13. Textures of their nails are generally rough and brittle.
  14. They talk and walk quickly.
  15. They have a fun loving personality and are of lively nature
  16. They easily get tied but have an abundant instant energy.
  17. Generally have cold extremities like hands and feet and are not comfortable in winter season
  18. Their digestive power is variable
  19. People with vata dominance have a tendency towards madhur (sweet), amal (sour) and lavan (salty) taste (rasa).
  20. They love hot and warm drinks.
  21. Their feces are dry and constipated and they micturate less.
  22. They generally have disturbed sleep.
  23. They are affected by certain disease like
    • headaches
    • high blood pressure
    • Coughs generally of dry nature
    • Earaches and throat discomfort
    • Muscular spasm
    • Lower back ache (LBA)
    • Irregular heart beats
    • Sexual activity disturbance
    • Arthritis and general body pains
    • Painful menstruation
    • All neurological disorders
    • Constipation
    • Anxiety
    • Indigestion

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Properties of Vata

  1. Laghu (lightness) – it is the degree of lightness in a dravya. It is the synonym of guru (heaviness). Thos which gets easily digested come under this. These substances create a feeling of lightness in the body. It increases vata in body and suppresses Kapha. It reduces (lahghan) dhatus. It also helps in healing of wounds. It is very much helpful in cleansing of strotas (channels) in the body. It is responsible for excreting out doshas from the mouth (Vaman karma). It ignites the digestive fire. It increases activeness in body. It consists of dominance of Aakash (ether) mahabhoot. it also contains Vayu (air) and agni (fire) mahabhoot

  2. Sheet (cold) – it is the degree of coolness in a substance. It subdues the hotness and burning in the body. It decreases the pitta dosha and increases vata and Kapha. It contains dominance of Jal (water) mahabhoot. it contains madhur (sweet), tickt (bitter) and kashaya (astringent)

  3. Ruksh (unctuousness) – It is the degree of dryness. It has the power to absorb watery material that makes are body hard and rough. It is vata aggravator and Kapha suppressant. Vayu (air) is the dominant mahabhoot in it. Katu (pungent), tickt (bitter) and kashaya (astringent) rasa are dominant taste in it. Excessive consumption of substance rich in ruksh property may cause unconsciousness, vertigo, confusion and diseases caused by vata dominance.

  1. Khar (roughness) – it provides roughness to the body. It scrapes the excessive fat in the body thus reduces bulkiness from the body. It increases vata in the body. It suppresses growth of dhatus (tissues). It takes away the water from the stools thus rendering them hard. In this Vayu mahabhoot is present.

  1. Sar (mobility) – it provides mobility to the body. It increases vata in the body. It is Jal (water) mahabhoot dominant. It scarps the dhatus in the body.

  2. Vishad (clearness) – it appears very clear and does not possess any of the agents that are obstructive. It is very useful in healing of the wounds and are scrapes the dhatus (tissues). It comprises of Prithvi (earth), Vayu (air), Agni (fire) and Aakash (ether) mahabhoot. it is vata increaser

  1. Drav (fluidity) – it due to its fineness spreads in all the directions and flows comes under drav. It provides fluids to the body. It also strengthens the body structures. It promotes Kapha and pitta dosha. it provides nourishment to the dhatus (tissues). It helps is easy evacuation of the bowel. It contains Jal (water) mahabhoot in dominance.

  1. Suksham (fineness) – due to its fine ness and coarseness, spreads in the entire body easily. It easily penetrates in the small channels. It increases vata in the body. It suppresses growth of dhatus (tissues). It contains Agni (fire), Vayu (air) and Aakash (ether) mahabhoot.

  1. kashaya (Astringent)- it is dominated by astringent taste

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Location of Vata

  1. Lower abdomen
  2. Pelvic area
  3. Bones of feet
  4. Skin
  5. Whole body

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Types of vayu -------- Vata is of five types

Prana Vayu-

It is situated in head region, chest region covering organs like lungs, whole respiratory system, esophagus and heart, throat, tongue, mouth and nose. It is responsible for breathing and thus helps in intake of oxygen. It mainly helps in respiration and hence very essential in proving life to the individual. It also provides nutrition to the body and its cells and tissues.

Functions of Prana Vayu

  • Helps in making egested food to reach stomach.
  • Helps in providing strength to the heart and lungs.
  • Helps in making the outer air useful to our body’s tissue.
  • Activities like spitting, belching, and respiration is under direct control of prana Vayu.


Udaan Vayu

It is situated near umbilicus, diaphragm, chest region and throat. It plays important role in the body as it is responsible in moving air out of the body which has been inhaled. Processes like speaking singing are under the control of udaan Vayu.

Functions of udaan Vayu

  • Helps in exhaling
  • Activities like speaking, singing etc is under control of udaan Vayu
  • Increases the body strength
  • It also enhances the feeling of patience in our body.
  • Increase the memory power


Samaan Vayu

It is situated in amashaya (stomach), pakwashaya (small intestines) and basically the upper abdomen is the place where saman Vayu is situated. It is also situated in umbilicus region and in flanks.

Functions of Saman Vayu

  • It helps in digestion of food stuff
  • Helps in secretion of digestive enzymes
  • It also creates feeling of hunger in the body
  • It is also helpful in separation of mala (digested waste matter of the body) from the useful material formed after digestion in the body.
  • It is helpful in shukra (sperm) formation



Vyan Vayu

Vyan Vayu is not just localized in one particular area but it is placed in whole body. Its main purpose is to nourish the whole body. It has three movements i.e. urdharv gaman (upwards movements), adho gaman (downwards movements) and tiryak gaman (lateral movemets) in the body.

Functions of Vyan Vayu

  • It helps in circulation of blood in whole body
  • It helps in contraction and relaxation of heart and other muscle of the body.
  • It nourishes whole body
  • It helps in establishing movements in the body



Apaan Vayu

Pakwashaya (intestines), vrishan (testis), vasti (bladder), shishin (penis), nabhi (umblicus), kati pardesh (pelvis), guda (anus) are the major playing grounds of apaan Vayu. Its main purpose is to creating the urge of expelling out things from the body

Function of Apaan Vayu

  • it creates urges to micturate and to excrete
  • parturition (expelling out the baby) is under the control of appan Vayu
  • releasing of sperms out of the body is also done by appna Vayu

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